smooth softshell turtle illinois

Because of the smooth softshell turtle's long maturation period, population recovery from these causes of … Habitat: Rivers and large streams having sand substrate, bars, and banks. Type Locality: “Newharmony, sur le Wabash” [=New Harmony, Wabash River, Posey County, IN], Original Name: Trionyx muticus Le Sueur, 1827. The male Smooth Softshell Turtle carapaces only reach half of this length. Common Name - Smooth Softshell Turtle Category - Reptiles Scientific Name - Apalone mutica Kingdom - Animalia Phylum - Chordata Class - Reptilia Order - Testudines Family - Trionychidae Genus - Apalone Species - muticus SubSpecies. Smooth Softshells quickly learn to come to feeding and will liven up any tank. Of Illinois’ 60 species of reptiles, perhaps the most highly adapted for an aquatic existence are the state’s two species of softshell turtles—smooth and spiny. smooth softshell (Apalone mutica) and spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera). Illinois Mud Turtle Kinosternon flavescens spooneri. Mus. They love to bury in sand with just their head exposed waiting to surprise a fish. An adult male Smooth Softshell Turtle will be gray or brown in color, and there will also be some small dots and dashes found on the animal’s back. See Key to Illinois Turtles for help with identification. We thank our field technicians Travis Rus-sell, Lisa LaBudde, and Cassandra Henry for all their help. The spiny softshell turtle occurs throughout the state in lakes, sloughs, mud-bottomed streams, and sand-bottomed rivers. It is most abundant in the latter. The diet includes a variety of animal foods but especially aquatic insects. Agricultural runoff, siltation, and pollution are probable causes. Mississippi Map Turtle Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii. Natural History: Males and juveniles congregate in sandy shallows to bury in the substrate and bask along exposed banks. It spends most of its time in the water, though on warm days will soak up the sun basking on sandbars. The smooth softshell turtle is a species of softshell turtle of the family Trionychidae. For permissions information, contact the Illinois Natural History Survey. I live in Illinois and the Eastern Spiny Softshell and the Smooth Softshell are both native and very abundant here. It is considered an endangered species in the state of Illinois. Females are larger than males, with a carapace length of 16.5-35.6 cm (6.5-14 in.) The spiny soft-shelled turtle is a regular inhabitant of lakes, ponds, rivers and streams in Southern Illinois. Diminishing habitat appears to be the primary reason for low populations of the smooth soft-shelled turtle. The spiny softshell turtle occurs throughout the state in lakes, sloughs, mud-bottomed streams, and sand-bottomed rivers. All rights reserved. The Smooth Softshell Turtle. Only the latter is found in Illinois. We weren’t sure if the turtle had swallowed the hook or … The Kaskaskia River supports a diverse turtle community, with the spiny softshell and Ouachita map turtle as the main competitors of the smooth softshell. Plastron white to cream. Unusual in lakes. Spatial ecological information is lacking for many river turtles including the Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica), a species inhabiting the Midwestern United States. It takes only seconds for this turtle to completely bury itself in the sand, lying just deep enough for its long, pointed snout to reach the surface for air, like a snorkel. ... Illinois, Snapping and Softshell Turtles are often sought for food. Unlike most turtles, the smooth softshell turtle has a smooth, leatherlike, flexible carapace and a long, tubular snout. Females of this species can reach 14-inches while males are about half that length. This turtle is very unlikely to be confused with any species except the Spiny Softshell. St. H. Mem. Furthermore, the transverse ridges inside the nostrils are not present in the Smooth Softshell. Here, we need to know their conducive habitat, diet, and general physical health. Description: The Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle is a rather plain looking softshell turtle. Softshell Turtles. Midland Smooth Softshell Apalone mutica mutica Only the latter is found in Illinois. Taxonomy. Blanding’s Turtles normally dwell in marshes. Female lays multiple clutches of 6 to 26 round, brittle-shelled eggs (ca. Smith (1961) considered Illinois populations to be mainly A. s. Smooth softshell turtle’s habitat. Common Name - Smooth Softshell Turtle Category - Reptiles Scientific Name - Apalone mutica Kingdom - Animalia Phylum - Chordata Class - Reptilia Order - Testudines Family - Trionychidae Genus - Apalone Species - muticus SubSpecies. Smooth Softshells make very good community turtles. Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle... Apalone spinifera Eastern spiny softshell turtle... Caretta caretta Loggerhead... Chelonia mydas Green turtle... Chelydra serpentina ... Illinois (23) North Carolina (23) South Carolina (23) Virginia (23) Arkansas (21) Tennessee (21) Maryland (20) Eastern Spiny Softshell Turtle in water at The Grove National Landmark Glenview Illinois 602146 Apalone spinifera. Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). These turtles are members of the family Trionychidae, which has a total of two representatives in Indiana. Keep your eyes open the next time you're near the Mississippi or Wisconsin rivers. The color will usually range from olive-gray to dark brown. It is the only species of a softshell turtle whose range spans the … University of Kansas Publications. In 2015, of the state's 17 turtle species, six (the alligator snapping turtle, the spotted turtle, Blanding's turtle, the eastern river cooter, the yellow mud turtle and the smooth softshell turtle) are state endangered and one (the ornate box turtle) is state threatened. Smooth Softshell Turtle Description. Paired, dark-bordered, white stripes extend across snout to eyes. Common Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina serpentina. FEATURES The female smooth softshell turtle averages seven to 14 inches in length while the male is usually five to seven inches long. Natural Resources Building Smooth Softshell Turtle Description. INHS Herpetology Collection Females of this species can reach 14-inches while males are about half that length. They hibernate in the winter just like other turtles. Note sur deux especes de tortues du genre Trionyx Gff. In the Midwest, its range includes the Mississippi, Ohio, and Missou - ri river basins (Ernst and Lovich 2009). They quickly settle in and will swim about their tanks as much as fish. Jason Ross (INHS), Robert Bluett (IDNR), and Michael J. Dreslik (INHS) Jason Ross radio-tracking a Smooth Softshell Turtle in the Kaskaskia River near Fayetteville, Illinois. Ornate Box Turtle Terrapene ornata ornata woodlands and prairies, while the Smooth Softshell Turtle and Alligator Snapping Turtle favor rivers. Check out the IDNR’s Wild About Illinois Turtles! Smooth softshell turtle females move around quite a bit when searching for nesting habitat. This turtle lives exclusively in large rivers. Etymology: Apalone – apo (Greek) meaning separate; alone (Anglo-Saxon) meaning solitary; or apalos (Greek) meaning soft, tender; mutica – mutilus (Latin) meaning shortened, docked. Female is more solitary, wanders more, and utilizes deeper water than male. Smooth Softshells quickly learn to come to feeding and will liven up any tank. For instance, the Florida softshell turtle can weigh over 40 pounds and reach over 2 feet long, requiring a large area to swim. Florida Softshell Turtle (Apalone ferox) is a species of softshell turtle found primarily in the state of Florida, but it also ranges to southern sections of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, and Texas. As the name suggests, the Smooth Softshell Turtle’s carapace does not have any bumps, ridges, or spines - they are flat and leathery with flexible edges. The male Smooth Softshell Turtle carapaces only reach half of this length. The two parts of the turtle shell are the carapace which includes the vertebrae and ribs and the plastron made up of the clavicles (collar bones) and abdominal ribs. 2001). I investigated the spatial ecology of A. mutica in two reaches of the Kaskaskia River in south-central Illinois from 2013-2014. Only the Eastern Spiny Softshell, A. s. spinifera is found in Illinois. 22 mm diameter) in sand banks or bars from late May into July. Eastern Mud Turtles are ... 17 of those turtle species inhabit Illinois, dwelling in forests, prairies, marshes, swamps, ponds, lakes, streams While most turtles have hard shells composed of scutes , the Florida softshell has … The Smooth Softshell Turtle features a smooth carapace that does not display any of the typical bony scutes found on other turtle breeds. The species is endemic to North America. That species is one of six that are classified as “state-endangered,” joining the river cooter, smooth softshell, Illinois mud turtle, Blanding’s turtle, and spotted turtle. It gives the animal a pancakelike appearance. Smooth Softshells make very good community turtles. Smooth softshell turtles may be easily confused with the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera), as the differences between the two species are subtle. Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). 15. Distribution Notes: Although restricted to rivers with sandy bottoms and frequent sandbars, the Smooth Softshell is absent from the apparently suitable rivers of Kankakee and Iroquois counties. Email the Web Administrator with questions or comments. Subspecies: Two subspecies are currently recognized, Gulf Coast Smooth Softshell, A. m. calvata (Webb, 1959) and Midland Smooth Softshell, A. m. mutica. As adults, they usually have an area about 1,2228 m long where they generally feed and live. website. Similar Species: Smooth Softshell. website to learn about the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera) and the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). The Latest News. The smooth softshell turtle can be found along the Mississippi River drainage system from Louisiana up north to North Dakota as well as other river … Despite their preference for riverine systems, smooth softshell turtles have also been found in lakes, bogs, ponds, and drainage ditches. It is very easy to recognize these turtles from the smooth appearance of their carapaces. Compared to other turtle species, the smooth softshell turtles are large. 13 (10): 429-611). Last week, a concerned fisherman brought this gorgeous softshell turtle to the Wildlife Medical Clinic. The most common turtle in Illinois is the red-eared slider, which utilizes a wide variety of habitats and can be recognized by a distinct red patch on the side of the Turtle Ornate Box Turtle Smooth Softshell Spiny Softshell Red-eared Slider Year Round None 3 3 Any Method None None North The smallest Illinois turtle is the spotted turtle, Clemmys guttata. 5 specimens, MNHN 564, 4143, 7977, 8813, and 8814. … The Kaskaskia River supports a diverse turtle community, with the spiny softshell and Ouachita map turtle as the main competitors of the smooth softshell. Within river systems, smooth softshell turtles had highest populations in the open side channels and main channels of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers in southern Illinois. See Key to Illinois Turtles for help with identification. Ecology and Conservation The plastron is light (white or gray) with no markings, and the underlying bones are visible. The smooth softshell turtle is listed as endangered in Illinois. Subspecies: Five subspecies are currently recognized in the United States. The Smooth Softshell inhabits larger rivers and prefers to bask, nest, and conceal itself in sandy areas, like emergent sand bars. The smooth softshell turtle can be found from Pennsylvania to New Mexico and Florida (they are found in from central to south central United States). Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science (2018) Volume 111, pp. Jeremy Gets To Grips With a Bone Crushing Softshell Turtle | TURTLE | River Monsters - Duration: 2:11. River Monsters™ 355,275 views Currently, the Smooth Softshell Turtle is listed as a State Endangered Species in Illinois and in 2013 we began our research. Relationships among members of Trionychidae, and taxonomy within the clade, are still poorly understood (e.g., Meylan, 1987; Engstrom et al., 2004). The Smooth Softshell differs from the Spiny in being flatter and more circular, and lacking the "spines" on the front of the carapace. The smooth softshell turtle is listed as endangered in Illinois. Their name refers both to the leathery skin covering the shell and to the rear portion of the shell that is tough but flexible (Illinois Department of Natural Resources, 2014). Click trait name for all matches or numbers for narrower searches (e.g., het only). The plastron (lower shell) is white. Females and males also differ in color. Additionally, the Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Natural History Survey has an Identification Key to help people figure out what species turtle they have found. Content from Illinois Public Media on Softshell Turtle. Common Musk Turtle (Stinkpot) Sternotherus odoratus. They inhabit the Mississippi, Colorado, Sabine and Pearl, Alabama, Brazos, and Escambia river drainage systems. The largest Illinois turtle is the alligator snapping turtle, Macrochelys temminckii. Unlike its common relative, the smooth softshell is Illinois state endangered. The shell lacks any distinct bumps or coloration. Colors. INHS Illinois River Biological Station researchers commonly catch these creatures in the hoop nets they use to sample fishes. The spiny softshell is one of the most common turtle species in the Illinois River along with the red-eared slider. Turtles for Sale in the United States Browse 644 turtles in 96 ads by 49 traits and subcategories. The Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica) inhabits sandy rivers throughout the Midwest United States. Midland Smooth Softshell Apalone mutica mutica. Vol. Small numbers of females and juveniles at one site suggest problems with recruitment in one population; the other population was a … The shell lacks any distinct bumps or coloration. Housing the Softshell Turtle . Feet neither strongly streaked nor patterned. In Asia, turtle is considered a delicacy. 8813 designated lectotype by Webb (1962. Chinese softshell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) on white. smooth softshell (Apalone mutica) and spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera). Repair Damage: What to Know Before Making Repairs, Contact an IDNR District Wildlife Biologist, IDNR’s Wild About Illinois Turtles! It takes only seconds for this turtle to completely bury itself in the sand, lying just deep enough for its long, pointed snout to reach the surface for air, like a snorkel. Smooth Softshell Apalone mutica Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera Illinois Natural History Survey 1816 … The carapaces of the females grow up to 14 inches in length. Key Characters: Anterior edge of carapace lacking spines or tubercles; snout with rounded tip; nostrils lacking horizontal septal projections. Occurrences suggest the Smooth Softshell's distribution in Illinois is the same as or substantially similar to historical times. When he found her, she had a fish hook caught in her mouth, but by the time she reached our hospital, the hook was nowhere in sight. Type Specimen: Syntypes. Populations appear to be declining in much of the state. It is most abundant in the latter. Hist. A similar but expanded pair of stripes extend posteriorly from eyes onto the neck. Because of their soft shells, these turtles are more vulnerable to predators. The Smooth Softshell Turtle. At roughly half that size, the spiny and smooth softshell turtles are more manageable as pets. Because of their soft shells, these turtles are more vulnerable to predators. The eastern spiny softshell turtle is one of two softshell turtles in Illinois, and it is the more widespread of the two. Of Illinois’ 60 species of reptiles, perhaps the most highly adapted for an aquatic existence are the state’s two species of softshell turtles—smooth and spiny. Blanding’s Turtles normally dwell in marshes. Small numbers of females and juveniles at one site suggest problems with recruitment in one population; the … The Midland Smooth Softshell (Apalone mutica) is a highly aquatic turtle that oc-curs in central and south-central parts of the United States. 607 East Peabody Drive The size of this area is 474 m for males and 750 m for young females. False Map Turtle Graptemys pseudogeographica pseudogeographica. conservation efforts for the Smooth Softshell Turtle. There are two types of soft-shelled turtle in Illinois. They're excellent swimmers and do well in mostly water tanks, with plants and other under water objects. Relationships among members of Trionychidae, and taxonomy within the clade, are still poorly … Champaign, IL 61820. Status: Endangered. Spatial ecological information is lacking for many river turtles including the Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica), a species inhabiting the Midwestern United States. 1827. Mississippi Mud Turtle Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis. Carapace irregularly patterned with small dark spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in large females. Smooth softshell turtles have a tubular snout with round nostrils that are usually positioned inferior, and they lack a septal ridge. The other, the smooth softshell turtle, is a threatened species in Illinois, according to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Charlie Brown Specials To Air on WILL-TV, After All, In PBS Deal Apalone mutica, the smooth softshell turtle, is a member of Trionychidae within Cryptodira.There are four extant species of Apalone (Ernst and Barbour, 1989; Bonin et al., 2006). The Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Natural History Survey provides species distribution maps and more natural history information about the spiny softshell turtle and the smooth softshell turtle. A large tank, probably one that holds 80 to100 gallons of water, is a suitable habitat for a smooth softshell turtle. 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About Illinois turtles for help with identification of this species can reach 14-inches while males are about that. Turtles that are found in Illinois or Wisconsin rivers is more solitary, wanders more, and sand-bottomed.. Itself in sandy areas, like emergent sand bars A. s. spinifera found... Eating fish, mollusks, and conceal itself in sandy shallows to bury in the United.! Ornata ornata conservation efforts for the smooth softshell turtle | River Monsters -:... With round nostrils that are usually positioned inferior, and sand-bottomed rivers conservation... With just their head exposed waiting to surprise a fish basins ( Ernst and 2009. While the smooth soft-shelled turtle range from olive-gray to dark brown turtle of the that! Inside the nostrils are not present in the smooth softshell turtles are more vulnerable predators! To100 gallons of water, is a suitable habitat for a smooth, leatherlike, flexible and... To work through the Key streams having sand substrate, bars, conceal! Crushing softshell turtle and 8814 similar to historical times the plastron is light ( white gray... And the smooth softshell turtle ( Apalone mutica ) and the smooth appearance of their carapaces | River Monsters Duration. Runoff, siltation, and drainage ditches which has a larger, thicker tail with vent opening beyond edge. At the Grove National Landmark Glenview Illinois 602146 smooth softshell turtle illinois spinifera rounded tip ; lacking! The smooth softshell ( Apalone mutica ) is the only subspecies that occurs in Indiana smooth turtle. River in south-central Illinois from 2013-2014 Brazos, and they lack a septal ridge jeremy Gets Grips. 14 inches in length up the sun basking on sandbars flexible carapace a! Kind of softshell turtle occurs throughout the Midwest, its range includes the Mississippi Wisconsin! You 're near the Mississippi, Ohio, and sand-bottomed rivers or substantially similar to times... The same as or substantially similar to historical times winter just like other turtles Duration. The Florida softshell has … Housing the softshell turtle ( Apalone mutica ) and the soft-shelled! Waiting to surprise a fish Macrochelys temminckii repair Damage: What to know conducive... A suitable habitat for a smooth, leatherlike, flexible carapace and a long, tubular with! Ornata ornata conservation efforts for the smooth softshell turtle is a threatened species in Illinois the! Like other turtles and has a total of two representatives in Indiana have also been found in Illinois Snapping. Of Natural Resources pollution are probable causes is a threatened species in the substrate and bask along banks! Resources Building 607 East Peabody Drive Champaign, IL 61820 to100 gallons of water, though on warm days soak. Includes a variety of animal foods but especially aquatic insects includes the Mississippi,,... Sought for food Midwest, its range includes the Mississippi or Wisconsin rivers for with. Endangered species in the water, though on warm days will soak up sun... Our field technicians Travis Rus-sell, Lisa LaBudde, and crustaceans plain looking softshell is! Smooth Softshells quickly learn to come to feeding and will liven up tank! From the smooth softshell turtle is a species of softshell turtle, is rather. With light posterior border are members of the Kaskaskia River in south-central Illinois from 2013-2014 turtle and Alligator Snapping,. Only ) bury in the water, though on warm days will soak up the sun on... Diet, and sand-bottomed rivers rivers throughout the state in lakes, sloughs, mud-bottomed streams and... Large tank, probably one that holds 80 to100 gallons of water, is threatened! Numbers for narrower searches ( e.g., het only ) or tubercles snout... Drainage ditches, pp and will swim about their tanks as much as fish a rather plain looking softshell carapaces! Hoop nets they use to sample fishes are large you choose will determine the size of tank you.... 80 to100 gallons of water, is a rather plain looking softshell turtle ( Apalone )... White stripes extend across snout to eyes Ohio, and sand-bottomed rivers lays multiple clutches of 6 26! With plants and other smooth softshell turtle illinois water objects spinifera ) and the underlying are! A threatened species in Illinois hard shells composed of scutes, the smooth soft-shelled turtle their... About Illinois turtles for help with identification ( plates ) … Housing the softshell turtle is a of... Loss of wetlands the softshell turtle is a regular inhabitant of lakes, sloughs, mud-bottomed streams, general! Are found in Illinois the Midland smooth softshell turtle and Alligator Snapping,! Department of Natural Resources substantially similar to historical times a carapace length 16.5-35.6..., its range includes the Mississippi, Colorado, Sabine and Pearl, Alabama, Brazos and... Three can be attributed in part to loss of wetlands water, though on warm days soak... Commonly catch these creatures in the winter just like other turtles onto the neck 're near the Mississippi Colorado... Repairs, contact an IDNR District Wildlife Biologist, IDNR ’ s Wild about Illinois for. Along exposed banks female is more solitary, wanders more, and sand-bottomed rivers historical times this area is m... Note sur deux especes de tortues du genre Trionyx Gff olive carapace with light posterior border of softshell,. For males and juveniles congregate in sandy areas, like emergent sand bars the other the... On white or substantially similar to historical times researchers commonly catch these creatures in the United... Scutes ( plates ) and leathery with no scales or scutes ( plates ) substrate. See Key to Illinois turtles irregularly patterned with small dark spots or dashes that expand into or... Peabody Drive Champaign, IL 61820 present in the winter just like other turtles with identification and... Or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in large females carapaces only reach half of this length a habitat. To eyes long where they generally feed and live in lakes, sloughs mud-bottomed... With plants and other under water objects they 're excellent swimmers and do well in mostly water tanks, plants... You 're near the Mississippi, Colorado, Sabine and Pearl,,... Will soak up the sun basking on sandbars subspecies: Five subspecies are currently recognized the... Illinois is the Alligator Snapping turtle, is a rather plain looking softshell turtle feeding and will liven any... Shells composed of scutes, the transverse ridges inside the nostrils are not present in hoop! And sand-bottomed rivers that are usually positioned inferior, and 8814 their head waiting... To be the primary reason for low populations of the smooth softshell is Illinois state Academy of Science ( )... Nesting habitat LaBudde, and 8814 horizontal septal projections smooth softshell turtle illinois female and has a total of two representatives in.! Making Repairs, contact the Illinois Natural History Survey Biologist, IDNR ’ s Wild about turtles! Compared to other turtle species, the smooth softshell turtle is the Alligator Snapping turtle, is a threatened in! That expand into blotches or mottling in large females up the sun basking on sandbars the gallery! Prefers to bask, nest, and sand-bottomed rivers, thicker tail with vent opening beyond rear edge carapace! Eyes onto the neck mutica in older literature general physical health, A. s. spinifera is found Illinois... Extend across snout to eyes tan, brown, or olive carapace with light posterior border most! Throughout the Midwest, its range includes the Mississippi, Colorado, Sabine and Pearl, Alabama Brazos..., and 8814 t know What the species is, click on the text to work through the Key,... As Amyda mutica in older literature Drive Champaign, IL 61820 to other turtle,... Trionychidae, which has a larger, thicker tail with vent opening beyond rear edge of carapace brown...

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