why did the mormons move west

Before his death, Joseph Smith had prophesied that the Mormons would move west and become a “mighty people in … They spread their religion the west. The next year, lands were purchased in present-day Ogdon and in 1859, Tooele, Provo, and Manti were founded. 15 respuestas. The first and only edition of the Nauvoo Expositor ran an article that claimed Smith was practicing polygamy and that he intended to set himself up as a theocratic king. The first community established in the Salt Lake Valley in 1847 was called Bountiful. Why did the Mormons move West? Respuesta Guardar. There were multiple reasons for westward expansion, including everything from ideological to practical motivations. Why did the Mormons move west in the United States of America? Americans began to move to the West immediately after the American civil war, a practice that was supported by the government of the day though most of the native Indians in these areas were not for that idea. The Mormon Church was founded in New York after Joseph Smith, Jr. claimed to have found a buried book of golden plates written by ancient American prophets in the late 1820s. They toiled across Iowa and Missouri during the years of 1845-46, settling down again at points on the Missouri River. What were some of the legacis the Mormons left behind? Why did the Mormons move west and where did they settle? In short, the Mormon community moved west because they were not safe in Missouri and Illinois. Despite this, complete federal dominance was slow in coming. How did you people who were alive in the 00's live and work without smartphones? However, on January 12, 1838, after a financial scandal effectively caused the collapse of the Ohio church, Smith fled an arrest warrant and joined his followers in Missouri. The forty-niners were California migrants. Summary -The Mining Frontier -The Farming Frontier -The Manifest Destiny - Technolgical advancements - Migration of the Mormons -Conditions in the East Social Reasons Territorial Reasons - The Indian Removal Act (1830)- In 1839, Smith directed the construction of a second temple in Nauvoo, as well as becoming the mayor of the new town, and commander of the Nauvoo Legion, a large and nearly autonomous branch of the Illinois militia. Migration of the Mormons to the west continued in organized companies along the Mormon Trail until 1869. what was the Mormon's legacy? Afterward, they came by railroad, continuing the resettlement until 1890. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. People agreed to move west for many different and highly personal reasons. In 1890, church leader and Prophet, Wilford Woodruff, announced that he had received a revelation, which officially discontinued the practice of plural marriage. Smith, who was then serving as Nauvoo Mayor, responded by destroying the newspaper’s facilities and declaring martial law to corral the local outrage. Why Did People Move West? Afterward, several smaller groups broke with the main Church of Latter Day Saints, over the issue of plural marriage, forming several denominations of Mormon fundamentalism. Between August and November 1838, more than 20 Mormons were killed. 7. Who were the forty-niners? why did Mormons move west? Smith had to move his people many times. In November 1978, Congress established the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail as part of the National Trails System, which commemorates the 1846-47 journey of the Mormon people from Nauvoo, Illinois to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake. Publicly, while Smith was teaching religious doctrines, he was also secretly introducing the practice of polygamy among his members, as well as a symbolic Millennial legislature that made him the king. Missouri’s “old settlers,” characterized the Mormons as fanatics whose clannish behavior made a mockery of republican institutions by placing power in the hands of a single man. Explaining the problems faced by the Mormons in the West, and the reasons for their move to Nauvoo and Salt Lake City. However, it was at the height of the conflict, that the members of the Fancher–Baker wagon train were slaughtered on September 11, 1857, in what became known as the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Get an answer for 'Why did people move to the West in the 1800s?' Byways & Historic Trails – Great Drives in America, Your email address will not be published. Neighbors persecuted them for their faith, people offended them, they had to learn new ways to farm and survive. How did you people who were alive in the 80's work without internet? Mormons pulling handcarts, by Hannah Cowan, Bureau of Land Management, Porter Rockwell – Destroying Angel of Mormondom, Joseph Smith, Jr. – Founder of the Mormon Church. Ironically, the US bought the Western territories as soon as they moved there. After the murder of founder and prophet Joseph Smith, they knew they had to leave their old settlement in … In search of a new home Religious persecution. Stenhouse, 1873. In … Migration of the Mormons to the west continued in organized companies along the Mormon Trail until 1869. The 1838 Mormon War, also known as the Missouri Mormon War, was a conflict between Mormons and non-Mormons in Missouri from August to November 1838, the first of the three "Mormon Wars".. Members of the Latter Day Saint movement, founded by Joseph Smith, had gradually migrated from New York to northwestern Missouri since 1831, mainly settling in Jackson County, where tensions with non … Growing in numbers, Smith sent followers to Jackson County, Missouri, in an attempt to establish a City of Zion as the biblical New Jerusalem. 15 Answers. Brigham Young became the new leader of the Mormons. Smith’s paramilitary campaign to redeem the area was unsuccessful. No other group has gotten such a bad response. The print version … Broken up over the deaths, the council chose Brigham Young as their leader and decided to move westward. The main church distanced itself from these groups and began to promote the mainstream American view of monogamous families. When the Mormons attacked an authorized militia group, under the belief it was an anti-Mormon mob, Missouri’s governor, Lilburn Boggs, ordered them expelled from the state, or “exterminated,” if necessary. Because everyplace they moved to east of the Missouri sooner or later they found themselves facing riots and mobs. Polygamy was finally announced to the general membership in Utah in 1854 after it was too late for most of them to try to leave. Others, however, laughed at some of the beliefs of the Mormons. They moved into areas in large numbers, speculated on land and drove up prices, used block voting to control local politics and shut out the original settlers. After the murder of founder and prophet Joseph Smith, they knew they had to leave their old settlement in Illinois. Plural marriage would become the faith’s most famous characteristic during the 19th century. if Europe colonized the world, you think people worship light skin? Why Did the Mormons Move West? In 1869 the Transcontinental Railroad was completed, and soon large numbers of “Gentiles” arrived in Utah to stay. Upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, the Mormons developed and cultivated the arid terrain to make it more suitable. Whenever we encountered people who began to harm us, we decided to move to another city to prevent suffering. Those top leaders thought they'd get in less trouble if they moved to Mexican territory - as Utah was back then. Today, Latter Day Saints view Joseph and Hyrum as martyrs. Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois by Kathy Weiser-Alexander. Forced to leave the State of Missouri by order of the governor, members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (commonly called Mormons or Latter Day Saints) began streaming into Illinois and the then Iowa Territory in the harsh winter of 1838-39. How is the USA better than Canada or Europe? Relevancia. Still have questions? Violence broke out again at an election riot in Gallatin on August 6, 1838, and before long, “old settler” mobs and Mormon paramilitary units roamed the countryside. Save up to 80% by choosing the eTextbook option for ISBN: 9781541963429, 1541963423. People had little time to gather their belongings before being herded into camps. The Mormons, as they were commonly known, had moved west to escape religious discrimination. They were finally driven out, an unprecedented move. Our cookies are delicious. After doing so they boarded ships and flooded overland trails. Why Amtrak Joe Synonymous With The Current United States President Joe Biden. While the Platte River was the main Mormon Trail to Fort Kearny, Nebraska, second in importance was their use of the original trail from Independence to Fort Kearny, especially by the thousands of Mormons who emigrated from England, and by boats via New Orleans and St. Louis to Independence, or by rail via New York. Lv 7. hace 1 década. 1 Countless stories have been told and recorded of the trials and tribulations of the Mormon pioneers. For a while, they settled in the state of Illinois, in a town they built and called Nauvoo. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Though John D. Lee, the only Mormon punished for the tragedy, would claim that he was acting under direct orders from Young, the church leader was later pardoned for any alleged role in the atrocity. The Mormons, as they were commonly known, had moved west to escape religious discrimination. On this day in 1846, Young abandoned Nauvoo and began leading 1,600 Mormons west across the frozen Mississippi in subzero temperatures to a temporary refuge at Sugar Grove, Iowa. Though much of the trail is no longer visible, long stretches of the trail can still be seen in Wyoming and several sites still exist that can be visited. Expecting the Mormons to resist, Buchanan ordered an expeditionary force of 2,500 soldiers to the territory. Nauvoo during the Mormon period (1839 - 1846). … Brigham Young maintained a “shadow government” for years and conflict between the Mormons and the federal government, particularly over the issue of polygamy, would continue for nearly 40 years. Young and his followers were pardoned for acts of rebellion, and U.S. forces established Camp Floyd 40 miles southwest of Salt Lake City. 1 decade ago. Almost immediately, Brigham Young sent out scouting parties to identify and claim additional settlement sites, minerals and other resources. Mormons used the mormon trail to flee westward to escape religious judgement. In a series of church-sanctioned essays released in October of 2014, the Mormon Church acknowledged for the first time that Smith had between 30 and 40 wives during his time as leader. In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons, Joseph Smith, was murdered. They were terrible neighbors and made enemies where ever they settled. They went to Utah to set up their own Utopia, Like Plymouth and the Puritans, too completely escape their persecuters. The cholera scourge of 1850 followed the Mormons far out on the trail, with many hundreds of them succumbing to its ravages in the first 400 miles of the journey. 1849 A provisional State of Deseret is organized, but it is not approved by the U.S. Congress. Explaining the problems faced by the Mormons in the West, and the reasons for their move to Nauvoo and Salt Lake City. Young led the Mormons west into what would become Utah territory, and established what, in effect, was a mini-theocracy in the Salt Lake valley with Young as its leader. Smith said the Angel Moroni, who was the guardian of these plates, had directed him to these writings and that his mission was to publish a translation of this book. Many Mormons died in the cold, harsh winter months as they made their way over the Rocky Mountains to Utah. They also began to build, laying out farms, creating irrigation systems, and constructing homes, churches, and schools. Kirkland, Ohio Mormon Temple, courtesy Wikipedia. Young quickly organized a militia, created Indian missions, directed the building of roads, and established businesses and services to allow the territory to be self-sustaining. Broad and barren planes Had to find new ways to farm Dry desert climates. The almost 1,300-mile-long trail is managed as a cooperative effort among private landowners, trail associations, state and local agencies, the National Park Service, the Bureau of Land Management, and the U.S. Forest Service. All along the Mormon trail, and during the years that the pioneers traversed this great trek west, hundreds of Saints of all ages, especially the young and elderly, died from hunger, cold, sickness, disease, and exhaustion. This is quite a different story than Mormons today tell themselves, but it is well documented. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. The assertions, made by a group of Latter Day Saint members, also charged that Smith was a fallen prophet and that he had acquired too much power. Anonymous. When many of the Kirtland church members followed him to Missouri, tensions escalated with the old Missouri settlers, which led to what has become known as the Missouri Mormon War. It was later renamed Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Favorite Answer. Salt Lake City, Utah by James Ackerman, 1851. Situated near Independence, the Mormon settlers were driven out of the county in 1833, then settling in Clay and Caldwell Counties of Missouri. Why did so many Americans move west during the 19th century? We moved West to escape the mobs and persecutions that we were daily facing. Over the next year, an estimated 10,000 Mormons were forced to leave the state, most settling in or near what would become the city of Nauvoo, Illinois. Other groups soon followed, and the Mormon towns of Florence and Kanesville, which, at their height, had contained long streets that were lined with stores and residences, were practically deserted by 1851-52. The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. | Westward Expansion Books Grade 5 | Children's American History by Baby Professor and Publisher Speedy Publishing LLC. The next year, Young led a large band of Mormons up the Platte Valley, across the plains and mountains to the Great Salt Lake in present-day Utah. The Mormons, as they were commonly known, had moved west to escape religious discrimination. Under the command of General William S. Harney, the troops marched from Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, on July 18, 1857, hoping to occupy Utah by fall. The term ‘West’ referred to the area in western America just between the1850 or the period between the American civil war and 1900. For some of them, it gave them an opportunity to own their land, especially after Congress started passing the Homestead Acts in 1862. © Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated March 2020. They abandoned their jobs, farms, homes and families. We moved West to escape the mobs and persecutions that we were daily facing. While he was awaiting trial, an armed mob of men with painted faces stormed the jail and shot him and his brother Hyrum to death. Unwilling to give up the territory, Young made plans to burn Salt Lake City and move his followers to Mexico, but at the last minute, he relented and agreed to step down as governor on April 12, 1858. Young sends groups of Mormons to settle in various parts of the intermountain west. Death and Hardship on the Mormon Trail . Relevance. Polygamy was also illegal in Mexico, but they assumed they'd be far enough away to get away with it. The top level was into polygamy and lied about it to their own people. Utah was finally made a state in 1896. 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Many people became members of the new church. What did the people of England begin using and producing around the same time as the American Revolution? In 1844, after a mob murdered Joseph Smith, the Church's new leader Brigham Young took the Mormons west. During the nineteenth century there were many different types of people moving west over America. Back in the 19th century, many Mormons were tortured and even killed for their beliefs. Upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, the Mormons publicly announced the practice of plural marriage, which Smith had instituted in secret some years earlier. Viewing the army as a hostile invasion force, Brigham Young mobilized the Utah Militia and began preparations for a guerrilla war. Why did Mormons leave their settlement in Ohio and move west?a.The valley where they settled had frequent floods.b.Their social and religious beliefs clashed with those of other settlers.c.They were frequently attacked by Native Americans.d.They wanted to separate from the United States. They made laws that favored them, practiced polygamy, and had a huge standing army. Based on the new OCR SHP History 9-1 Specification. Mountain Meadows Massacre, T.B.H. We use cookies. One of these groups was the religious group, the Mormons. The Mormons settled in the Salt Lake Valley, which at that time was used as a buffer zone between the Shoshones and the Utes, who were at war. Why Did The Mormons Move West? They created irrigation systems, laid out farms, built houses, churches and schools. Fillmore, Utah, intended to be the capitol of the new territory, was established in 1851. Missionary efforts led to outposts at Ft. Lemhi, Idaho, Las Vegas, Nevada and Elk Mountain in east-central Utah. However, by the mid-1850s federal officials received reports that Young was electing only Mormons to become government officials and non-Mormon settlers were frequently complaining of harassment and abuse at the hands of the Latter Day Saints. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. Why did Mormons Move West?Many people fear others who are different. You are mistaken On July 24, 1847, an exhausted Brigham Young and his fellow members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints arrived in Utah's Great Salt Lake Valley and called it home. However, the practice was vigorously opposed elsewhere in the United States, threatening the church’s existence as a legal institution. This ignited what became known as the Utah War, a confrontation that lasted from May 1857 until July 1858. There were a variety of reasons, but most of it came down to the fact that the people in various states considered the Mormons some sort of threat. In the end, the Utah War started a slow decline for Mormon isolation and power in Utah. The church split when Joseph Smith said that Mormons could have more than one wife. The religion was originally founded by Joseph Smith in the early nineteenth century. As the colonizer and founder of Salt Lake City, Brigham Young was appointed the territory’s first governor and superintendent of Indian affairs by President Millard Fillmore. (Last Privacy Policy Update July 2020), Soldiers and Officers in American History, Alva Gould – Discoverer of the Famous Gould and Curry Mine, Honest Miner To a Poker-Playing Politician, Old Tom – A Typical Mining Camp Character, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, Colorado. Why did the Mormons move to Salt Lake City? Rising star of far right is causing headaches for some, Trump pardons ex-strategist Bannon, dozens of others, Trashy end to Ben Affleck's latest high-profile romance, Melania Trump breaks long first lady tradition, Mask guidance for more contagious virus strain, Harry Brant, son of Stephanie Seymour, dead at 24, Tiffany Trump announces engagement with WH photo, Pelosi tells Trump to 'man up' and admit he lost, MyPillow CEO: Products were dropped after fraud claims, Soldier accused of plotting ISIS strike at 9/11 Memorial. In the spring of 1846, Brigham Young sent out 80 wagons equipped to travel into the Rocky Mountains, where it was rumored that an inland sea, with fertile lands bordering it, awaited their coming, and where they could build up an empire outside of the jurisdiction of the United States. They were terrible neighbors and made enemies where ever they settled. Although the campaign was bloodless, Mormon militiamen were successful in impeding the progress of U.S. forces, which were forced into winter encampment near Fort Bridger, Wyoming in the fall of 1857. They soon lost control of the executive branch and the federal district courts but maintained political authority in the Territorial Legislature. They were driven out of their homes. In 1844, Smith ran for President of the United States but, by this time, there were several church members that had begun to question him. Smith was then arrested and jailed in Carthage, Iowa on charges of treason. Required fields are marked *. Respuesta preferida. venus_smrf. President Buchanan’s concern that Brigham Young was intent on making Deseret, as Utah was then known, an independent state prompted him to install a non-Mormon governor. Your email address will not be published. What caused dissolution in the soviet union and what prevented that from occurring in the US? This led to trouble. Before long, new settlements were made as far south as Mexico, west into California, north into Idaho and Canada, and east into Wyoming. Get your answers by asking now. They moved in with large numbers, used block voting to sway local elections, drove up land prices and used speculation to make it hard for locals. 4 Answers. For most of the 1830s, Smith lived with the majority of his church members in Kirtland, Ohio. and find homework help for other Western Expansion, Manifest Destiny, and the Mexican-American War questions at eNotes Afterward, they came by railroad, continuing the resettlement until 1890. 125,000 Mormons … By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 9, 2020 2:44:22 PM ET. Others contended the Mormons were essentially in a state of rebellion against the United States. Trouble with the Indians caused them to build a town across the river near the present city of Council Bluffs, calling it “Kanesville.” Nearly 15,000 of them located at a point north of Omaha, near present-day Florence, Nebraska, calling it “The Winter Quarters.”. This work, published in 1830, as the Book of Mormon, served as a foundation for Smith’s organization, first called the Church of Christ, established April 6, 1830. The extent of Young’s involvement in the massacre has been a subject of much controversy virtually since the day of the tragic event. And U.S. forces established Camp Floyd 40 miles southwest of Salt Lake City not approved the... S existence as a hostile invasion force, Brigham Young as their leader and decided to move to Nauvoo Salt! In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons were killed why did the mormons move west farther west those top leaders thought they 'd far! A bad response if Germans believe in Christ how did you people who were alive in 00. 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