climate change articles pdf

Media reports and public polls suggest that young people in many countries are increasingly factoring climate change into their reproductive choices, but empirical evidence about this phenomenon is lacking. This variation could be either due to natural causes such as volcanic eruption, forest fire, or anthropogenic activities such as emission of greenhouse gases, including methane, carbon dioxide among others. PDF | On Jan 1, 2014, Olufemi Adedeji and others published Global Climate Change | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate. endstream endobj startxref ScienceDaily – Global Warming . By comparison, the atmospheric greenhouse gases that cause the earth's natural g, mosphere. Other solar cycles are much shorter, with the shortest being the 11 year sunspot cycle. We examined the potential impacts of climate variability and change on human health as part of a congressionally mandated study of climate change in the United States. resist the advancing desertification, in 1994 the Convention to Combat Desertification (CCD) was established, countries, entered into force in December 1996. house gases (GHGs) and global warming at a potentially huge cost to the economy and society worldwide. Global warming has presented another issue called climate change. The penalized spline estimator proposed, which are known to impose very minimal restrictions on estimation process, provides good fits to observed data with very attractive properties namely consistent as observed in values of the Mean Squared Error from the analysis. Bei Stickoxiden (NOx) betrugen die Emissionen ca. This map shows that throughout most of the world, average surface temperatures rose (see regions shown in orange, red or purple) from 1901 to 2012. world the consequences may be even more dramatic than predicted by IPCC. A sound understanding of the economics of risk is critical here. Read the latest Climate Change articles from Transition Network authors including Rob Hopkins, Kate Heath and many more established climate change writers.. Climate change and the deteriorating archaeological and environmental archives of the Arctic - Volume 92 Issue 363 - Jørgen Hollesen, Martin Callanan, Tom Dawson, Rasmus Fenger-Nielsen, T. Max Friesen, Anne M. Jensen, Adam Markham, Vibeke V. Martens, Vladimir V. Pitulko, Marcy Rockman Many people find it a challenge to talk about climate change and its many related issues. Pathways by which climate change affects human health including local modulating influences and the feedback influence of adaptation measures. Climate change . Climate variability refers to variations in the pr, dicates a change in either the mean state of the climate or in its variability, persisting for several decades or, perature, as well as changes in how frequ, er extreme weather. A new report by a United Nations panel finds more and stronger evidence for the link between human activity and climate change. His family lost a home in the same spot to a fire 10 years ago. This is what gives me hope. To assess the impact on mortality of the heatwave in England and Wales during July and August 1995 and to describe any difference in mortality impact between the Greater London urban population and the national population. Variability may be due to natu, driven) external forcing. Zum einen bewirken Schwefeldioxidemissionen eine „Aufhellung“ tiefer maritimer Wolken, die dadurch mehr Sonnenlicht in den Weltraum zurückstreuen können als im ungestörten Zustand und lokal zu einer Abkühlung führen. That’s why PLOS Medicine commissioned a special issue last year to explore the diverse health impacts associated with climate change [ 7 ] and PLOS created an online “Channel” in which experts highlight the latest research, news, and commentaries on the effects of climate change [ 8 ]. Whereas Green House effect is the phenomenon whereby the earth's atmosphere traps solar radiation and is mediated by the presence in the atmosphere of gases such as carbon dioxide, water vapour and methane that allow incoming sunlight to pass through, but absorb the heat radiated back from the earth's surface. Parametric modeling imposes rigid assumption on abstraction of physical characteristics of a phenomenon, which in case of model misspecification could give erroneous results. These factors range from volcanic eruptions, ozone layer depletion, climate change, atmospheric and water pollution as well as deforestation. part of the weather of some places during some seasons. Climate Change in 2017: Implications for Business [The Department of Defense] recognizes the reality of climate change and the significant risk it poses to U.S. interests globally. Recently, United Nations Climat, cember, 2007) was attended by representatives from over 180 coun, vernmental and nongovernmental organizations. 15 % und bei Schwefeldioxid (SO2) ca. To determine how carbon footprint influence climate change. Nitrous oxide is released w, Most greenhouse gases are extremely effective at absorbing heat, In other words, it takes only small amounts of these gases to significantly change the properties of the atm. Various external factors influence the internal dynamics of the Climate Systems and these in, the fraction of solar radiation that is reflected (called, Earth back towards space Climate, in turn, responds directly to such changes, as well as indirectly, through a v, crease in average global temperature will also caus, some areas of the world warming more, others less. include burning fossil fuels, cutting down forests, and developing land for farms, cities, and roads. to global warming. Nature can offer immediate, sustainable solutions to mitigation through capturing carbon in forests and other ecosystems. 16 January 2021. Global Climate Change. ... Green House effect is the phenomenon whereby the earth's atmosphere traps solar radiation, and is mediated by the presence in the atmosphere of gases such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, and methane that allow incoming sunlight to pass through, but absorb the heat radiated back from the earth's surface. This record, ficials said the deadly storm left more than, more vulnerable because of their high dependence on natural resources and limited capacity to cope with climate, Climate change is a fact of life. Try and ensure the energy you do use comes from renewable sources (wind, water, solar). Therefore, it raises questions on whether the problem is caused by human activities or it’s just a part of nature’s cycle. given to anthropogenic sources and impacts of these gases, the significance and This process of absorption and re, nally, the energy does escape from the atmosphere to space. To minimise carbon footprint generated by e-waste during disposal, this paper suggests proper management strategies. This new edition, prepared by the same author team, has been updated with the most recent climate data and scienti˚c analyses, all of which reinforce our understanding of human-caused climate change. Global warming and global climate change have led to an increase in the temperature in the area. 3 assessments on all aspects of climate change and its impacts, with a view of formulating realistic response strategies.” 23, 24. These results contrast strongly with those from I(1) cointegration models and are more consistent with global circulation models. cline in strength, causing temperatures in northwest Europe to rise less markedly than elsewhere. Super typhoon Haiyan is the latest natural disaster that has also led credence to, the reality of climate change. small rise in mean annual temperature can have a m, for human health (Harvard, 2002). The chemical reactions responsible for stratospheric ozone depletion are extremely sensitive to temperature. assessing the impacts of, and vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change 13 The statistical models developed from this analysis were used to compare death rates for current conditions with those that might be expected to occur in a future warmer climate. IPCC turut menyatakan bahawa perubahan iklim telah menyebabkan kenaikan suhu bumi sebanyak dua darjah celcius pada setiap satu dekad. Sometimes these phrases are used interchangeably, however, they are different. Climate change was a bipartisan issue in the 1980s, with Republican leader George H. W. Bush pledging to “fight the greenhouse effect with the White House effect” (Peterson, 1989, p. A1). 16 January 2021. Standard. Abstract and other water bodies, and living beings. There is no counterpart in previous IPCC assessment reports for an introductory chapter providing historical context for the remainder of the report. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, Food Safety Survey in Southwest Nigeria (PhD), Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International, Ground Water Level Variability and their Cost Implications: A Case of Keiyo North Sub-County, Elgeyo Marakwet County, Kenya, PEMAPARAN BERITA PERUBAHAN IKLIM DALAM MALAYSIAKINI, THE MALAY MAIL ONLINE DAN FREE MALAYSIA TODAY, Microbial Function on Climate Change – A Review, Climate Change: Media Coverage and Perspectives of Climate Change in Kano, Nigeria, Role of Microbial Communities to Mitigate Climate Change in Agriculture, Functional Time Series Analysis of Land Surface Temperature, THE IMPACTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE ON DEVELOPMENT WITH PRACTICAL EXAMPLES FROM AFRICA AND THE REST OF THE WORLD, Climate change and global warming : A scientometric study, Potential Reducing CO 2 Emission for Ice Cream Industry through Energy Efficiency Improvement in Indonesia, Awareness of Information and Communication Technology Induced Climate Change and the Developing Countries, Addressing climate change - Issues and solutions from around the world, Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. The lack of attention to the topic of climate change and mental health is often imputed to the challenges of attribution. In Britain death rates from several important causes, particularly circulatory and respiratory diseases, rise markedly during the colder winter months. Then a few centuries ago, their concentrations. The objective of this study is three fold: To explore how ICT contributes to carbon footprint generation. Some researchers estimate that these costs are set to rise to between 5, quences of climate change. Using the same risk coefficients to estimate the excess mortality apparently attributable to air pollution, more than 60% of the total excess in London was apparently attributable to the effects of heat. h�b```����>B ��ea���� ��ѡ����!¸�AS�m��_L��n�� R�����n�ome�?j�������%?= �3s=��7�~#�ݓ�{��Y����`��h`� b� ! Seit Beginn der industriellen Revolution sind die atmosphärischen Konzentrationen wichtiger Treibhausgase deutlich angestiegen. Attribution in this case is the scientific association between greenhouse gas emissions and meteorological change on the one hand, and between climate change-related meteorological change and mental health effects on the other. Thirdly suggest ways that can be used to reduce carbon footprint caused by ICT disposal. It has the disadvantage that it cannot easily migrate to reach plant roots for uptake [32,39]. This provides a blanketing effect in the lower strata of the earth's atmosphere and this blanketing effect is being enhanced because of human activities like the burning of fossil fuels, ... Tsunamis, floods and extreme drought occur more frequently than in times past. “Adverse effects of climate change” means changes in the physical environment or biota resulting from climate change which have significant deleterious effects on the composition, resilience or productivity of natural and managed ecosystems or on the operation of Surface temperature and radiative forcing cointegrate and the accumulated cointegration disequilibria represent the change in Earth system heat content, which is predominantly stored in the ocean. The paper is purely a desktop descriptive work and as such employed the use of secondary data obtained from the internet, books, global reports and journal articles for the description of the phenomenon under study. AP - Earthquakes stronger due . %PDF-1.5 %���� The relative growth rate of Climate change publications output increases gradually from 2001 to 2016, the doubling time for the Climate change during 2001-2016 is 0.98 and 4.36 respectively. This sad occurrence hit land and devastated the Philippines. Climate change, the periodic modification of Earth’s climate caused by atmospheric changes and the atmosphere’s interactions with geologic, chemical, biological, and geographic factors. An Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Excess mortality in England and Wales, and in Greater London, during the 1995 heatwave, The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review, Increased polar stratospheric ozone losses and delayed eventual recovery owing to increasing greenhouse-gas concentrations, The potential effects of climate change on winter mortality in England and Wales, The potential health impacts of climate variability and change for the United States - Executive summary of the report of the health sector of the US National Assessment, Food safety impacts of antimicrobial use and their residues in aquaculture, Facing the challenges of water efficiency, A multicointegration model of global climate change. Temperature and wind changes induced by the increasing greenhouse-gas concentrations alter planetary-wave propagation in our model, reducing the frequency of sudden stratospheric warmings in the Northern Hemisphere. Climate change has also been connected with other damaging weather events such as more frequent and more intense hurricanes, floods, downpours, and winter storms. We also estimate Earth system heat content as a latent variable for the full period, 1850–2014, and this predicted heat content cointegrates with available ocean heat content observations for 1940–2014. According to the Intergovernmental Panel, (IPCC), the current rate of greenhouse gas emissions is likely, rapid change, which will greatly, and in some cases irreversibly, Climate change indeed is real. • Im Jahre 2000 stammten 600-900 Millionen Tonnen CO2 von Schiffsmotoren, das sind rund 2,7 % aller anthropogenen CO2-Emissionen. ... Pada umumnya, perubahan iklim berlaku disebabkan oleh kenaikan suhu bumi (Alston, 2010; ... Kemarau juga berlaku akibat perubahan iklim sehingga boleh menjejaskan penghasilan stok makanan dan bekalan air (Alston, 2010). climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner. Climate change . It has estimated the cost of limi, achieved, formulated by the United Nation. • Die Emissionen des Schiffsverkehrs wirken sich in zweifacher Weise auf das Klima aus. There is now an increasingly strong body of literature which highlights the causal linkages between climate change and extreme weather events (see [45,46,47,48,49,50]). The increasing rate of global warming, The Potential Effects of Climate Change on Winter M, e Variability and Change for the United States: Exe, of the Report of the Health Sector of the U. In the United States, the amount of greenhouse gas emissions has held steady since 1990–even though our economy and our population has grown. We model the role of the ocean in climate change, using the concept of multicointegration. Source: adapted from Patz et al., 2000. June 18, NIA - Global warming could lead . It is recommended that the global economy inculcate into their policies, programmes and project most of the multilateral agreements geared towards mitigating environmental change. climate change: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and other human rights instruments require States to guarantee effective remedies for human rights violations. We concluded that the levels of uncertainty preclude any definitive statement on the direction of potential future change for each of these health outcomes, although we developed some hypotheses. Grogonomics graph of the week The biggest Coalition conspiracy theory is climate change denial. It has been scientifically demonstrated that, tionable whether this mountain in Tanzania will be covered w. the number of natural disasters increases more and more. Die. Beitrag zum Thema: „Wie viel Container verträgt das Klima? (2009), with the help of the microscale of the data of the But every year of, delay reduces this breathing space, while requiring ever more stringent measures to make a difference. Microorganisms have a wide potential especialy However, there has been a decline in the groundwater level which has been linked to the disruption of the hydrologic cycle by human activities. Global warming is the unusually rapid increase in Earths average surface temperature over the past century primarily due to the greenhouse gases released by people burning fossil fuels. Vital Signs of the Planet Skip Navigation. The changes in the environment has negative consequences on the natural environment, human health and economic development. We also work to ensure that equity considerations, in particular the role of women and indigenous peoples, are integrated into climate change policy and practice. quency, intensity and location of extreme weather events due to climate change remains uncertain. As the water table drops, the depths of wells increase and so does the cost of drilling them. Earth is heated by sunlight, energy budget in balance, the warmed earth also emits heat energy back to space as infrared radiation. It is ques, 1960 worldwide 13 natural disasters have been regist, Some parts of the world will receive more precipitation, with others becoming drier, sent century sea levels will rise by between 18 and 59 centimetres. These changes in the environment one way or the other has significant effects on the development of the world economy. Recent evidence suggests even more rapid change, which will greatly, and in some cases irreversibly, affect not just people, but also species and ecosystems. Via climate change humans are contributing to a change in t, The main pathways and categories of health impact of climate change are shown i, winter cold); increases in other extreme weather events (, production of certain air pollutants and aeroallergens (spores and m, milder winters may compensate for increases in summer mortality du. In recent decades, public awareness of the science behind the greenhouse effect and the potential effects of climate change has grown. Climate change, acting via less direct mecha, the longer term and with considerable variation between populations as a function of g, ity, these indirect impacts are likely to hav, affected by various physical (temperature, precipitation, humidity, surface water and wind) and biotic factors. 83. Vital Signs of the Planet Skip Navigation. Climate change refers to changes in weather patterns and growing seasons around the world. • Während Regeln zur Verringerung von NOx, SO2 und Partikelemission aus der internationalen Schifffahrt einen positiven Einfluss auf die Luftqualität haben werden, werden Reduktionen von CO2 aus allen anthropogenen Quellen, inklusive der Schifffahrt, dringend benötigt wenn man die globale Erwärmung reduzieren will. This is no surprise since climatic change would, gical and physical systems that are an inte, The more direct impacts on health include those, affect the transmission of many infectious diseases, ecting the increased retention of heat energy in the lower atmosphere, global warming also affects the, destroying gases) starts to decline. Our author team, comprising experts from academia, government, and the private sector, was selected by the federal interagency U.S. Current news and data streams about global warming and climate change from NASA. System heat content in turn cointegrates with surface temperature. Earth’s climate has changed over various timescales since the dawn of geologic time, and the force of human activities since the Industrial Revolution has been woven into the fabric of … The Climate change is the catch-all term for the shift in worldwide weather phenomena associated with an increase in global average temperatures. The study concludes that there is a very high level of media awareness about climate change issue in Kano; media coverage and representations about climate change has positively impacted and shaped individuals' understanding about climate change issue. menu close modal Articles News and Features Blog Explore Interactives, galleries and apps. atmospheric heat budget so as to increase the cooling of, cooling persist, the process of ozone depletion could contin, pheric ozone depletion (increase in incidence of skin cancer in fair, sources grew even greater: by 80%. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Climate change will mean that malaria spreads further round the globe rather th, The multiple impacts of climate change on bio. effect in thier microbial comunity stracture and function and also their metablolic activity. This close association between temperature and mortality suggests that climate change as a result of global warming may lead to a future reduction in excess winter deaths. 2.4. Population groups at high, den). On the one side the Dutch can protect their country even, better by raising the dikes and reinforcing the coastal areas. Ground water depletion has been widely experienced and is commonly attributed to by frequent pumping of water from the ground continuously such that the aquifers cannot find time to replenish. h�bbd```b``��i ����� "Y#�"� �B��W@$� �� &��ش=`��j�Ad���;1�����l�i�`���@d�b��d����@�߾�L@w����qȓ���0 �� areas to minimize the impacts on human health and curtail the spread of diseases. Typhoon Haiyan Hits Philippines: Stockton Community Takes Action, The Independent Student Newspaper of the Richard Stockton College of New Jersey. global warming is the major problem in the world. For example, human emissions, ing and cooling that have been a regular feature of the Earth's climatic history. This publication synthesizes information on IUCN’s work in this domain, particularly highlighting programmatic work in projects at local and national level, implemented by IUCN’s Global thematic and Regional Programmes and Commissions. • Ein großer Anteil der Schiffsemissionen wird innerhalb von 400 km Entfernung vom Festland freigesetzt und kann in Küstennähe und in Hafenstädten mit hohem Verkehrsaufkommen die Luftqualität verschlechtern und negativen Einfluss auf die menschliche Gesundheit haben. Climate Change Could Lead to More Injuries and Death The Verge, Jan 13, 2020. worsen in the decades ahead unless we take action. Although much attention has been Article PDF Available. Brief History of International Agreements on Climate Change For the first time in June 1988 at the World Conference on the … May 15, 2008 . Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is central to every aspect of our lives and it has influenced peoples’ lives positively and negatively. But by, failure (the bursting of a dike) will only be worse. The soil only stays nutrient rich for so long, about two years11, after this time, the nutrients from the burned biomass are used up.When this happens, farmers pack up and move on to the next section of the rainforest, leaving their farmland behind for and infrared energy, and have little effect on the flow of sunlight and heat energy through the air. Temperature and the balance of heat, fuels to heat our homes, run our cars, produce electricity, and manufacture all sorts of products, we are adding, more greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. We found that at present most of the U.S. population is protected against adverse health outcomes associated with weather and/or climate, although certain demographic and geographic populations are at increased risk. More detailed overviews of current and projected from climate change–mediated infectious disease risks are presented in the articles in this issue. Can the younger generation turn their ambition into policy? Most people in the developing countries are not aware of how ICT contributes to global warming and climate change. Analysis of variation in daily mortality in England and Wales and in Greater London during a five day heatwave in July and August 1995, by age, sex, and cause. Good side of ICT is that it can also act as “reducing agent” of carbon footprint generated itself and by other industries. All rights reserved. The results of our simulations compared favorably with the empirical analysis on average monthly meteorological temperature data obtained from Climate Knowledge Portal World Bank Organization on Ghana for periods 1901-2016. Both human-made and natural factors contribute to climate change: • Human causes. microbes play a major role in climate change. Increased concentrations of greenhouse gases might therefore be at least partly responsible for the very large Arctic ozone losses observed in recent winters. Climate change is any long-term alteration in average weather patterns, either globally or regionally. Global climate change in, bal cooling) refers specifically to any change in the global average surface tem, made greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. climate models, however, make no allowance for an abrupt change in the Gulf Stream. Durch weiter ansteigende Handelsaufkommen in einer globalisierten Welt gehen bisherige Prognosen davon aus, dass sowohl der Treibstoffverbrauch als auch die CO2-Emissionen der internationalen Schifffahrt in den nächsten Jahrzehnten weiter stark anwachsen werden. Global warming and cause of climate change, is due to human made activities. It serves as an introductory “where we are at” on climate change response in some areas of our work. Ground and surface water are the main sources of water in Kenya and the world over. However, these preliminary estimates might change when further research is able to make into account a number of additional factors affecting the relationship between mortality and climate. Increase awareness on the importance of antibiotics in treating bacterial infections and the public health challenges of antibiotic residues. Similarly, a decline in water table often leads to a reduction in the amount of water in wells and thus unmet water demands in households. Climate change is one of four priority Thematic Programme Areas (TPA) in the IUCN Programme for 2009-2012. Risk is likely to be compounded by the fact that in Canada we have an aging population increasingly affected by chronic diseases who may develop more severe infections than the young and healthy. original Climate Change: Evidence and Causes in 2014. Natural aerosols include mineral dust re leased from the surface, sea salt aerosols, biogenic emissions from the land and oceans, sulphate and dust aerosols produced by volcanic eruptions. community structure and composition solve this kind of environmental problem, simply June 26, 2008. Climate Change is the defining issue of our time and we are at a defining moment. It also refers to sea level rise caused by the expansion of warmer seas and melting ice sheets and glaciers. used in greenhouse gas treatment and reduction through nutrient recycling. Review of solutions to global warming, air pollution, and energy security† Mark Z. Jacobson* Received 12th June 2008, Accepted 31st October 2008 First published as an Advance Article on the web 1st December 2008 DOI: 10.1039/b809990c This paper reviews and ranks major proposed energy-related solutions to global warming, air pollution Still, for thousands of years, the Earth’s atmosphere has changed, eping this balance. However, in the early 1990s, conservative think-tanks began the process of gradually polarizing the public through Greenhouse gases warm the Earth's surface but cool the stratosphere radiatively and therefore affect ozone depletion. history of climate change science using a wide-ranging subset of examples, and ends with a history of the IPCC. Because we burn fossil, are already visible, for instance, temperatures are rising, polar caps are m, he years contains less and less snow as a consequence of global heating. Global water technology company Xylem is using its expertise to minimise the impact and provide a safe and sustainable water supply. Using a multicointegrating I(2) model, we. In Romania, for instance, extreme weather events have multiplied since 2002. urghila et al. And exactly, ticularly local solutions to prevent deserti, tion in sustainable development, tackling socia.

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