mormon origin story

[96] Chile, Uruguay, and several areas in the South Pacific have a higher percentage of Mormons than the United States (which is at about 2 percent). [6] Smith was shown the location of the plates (and the other items in the box), but was not immediately allowed to take them. (3 Nephi 8:20–23). Rigdon served as a scribe for the Book of Moses,[26] received revelations jointly with Smith, served as Smith's spokesperson, and with Smith carried the title "Prophet, Seer, and Revelator". In 1825, Ethan Smith published an expanded second edition of View of the Hebrews, the same year that Cowdery left Poultney for New York state. [48] Because Hyrum was Smith's logical successor,[49] their deaths caused a succession crisis,[50] and Brigham Young assumed leadership over the majority of Latter Day Saints. I submit this statement to the world; God in whom I trust being my judge as to the sincerity of my motives and the faith and hope that is in me of eternal life. [116], LGBT Mormons, or Mormons who self-identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, remain in good standing in the church if they abstain from homosexual relations and obey the law of chastity. Today the Canadian city Techumseh (near the narrow neck of land) is named after him. [139] Thus, the Bible, written by prophets and apostles, is the word of God, so far as it is translated correctly. "[24] In contrast, co-authors Jerald and Sandra Tanner argue the early text of the revelation merely demonstrates that "Joseph Smith was not planning on doing any other work besides the Book of Mormon".[25]. The center of Mormon cultural influence is in Utah, and North America has more Mormons than any other continent, although the majority of Mormons live outside the United States. This standard of salvation." Eventually, the church adopted a policy of excommunicating members found practicing polygamy, and today seeks actively to distance itself from "fundamentalist" groups that continue the practice. Another purported source of the Book of Mormon is View of the Hebrews, first published in 1823 by Ethan Smith (no relation), a pastor in Poultney, Vermont. [42], Roberts's list of parallels included:[43], David Persuitte has also presented a large number of parallels between the View of the Hebrews and the Book of Mormon, but notes there are no instances of direct copying. [55] The cooperative ethic that Mormons had developed over the last decade and a half became important as settlers branched out and colonized a large desert region now known as the Mormon Corridor. [93] Most Mormons are distributed in North and South America, the South Pacific, and Western Europe. Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry (CARM). Of the 50,000 inhabitants of the state of Utah, the underwhelming response—56 men, 33 women, and 71 children, most of whom stated they left for economic reasons—impressed Cumming, as did the fact that Mormon leaders contributed supplies to the emigrants. [57] The Mormons viewed land as commonwealth, devising and maintaining a co-operative system of irrigation that allowed them to build a farming community in the desert. [7][8] Smith was commanded to show the plates to only certain people. [84] In general, Mormons greeted the change with joy and relief. Persuitte quotes from View of the Hebrews Ethan Smith's theory about what happened to the ancient Israelites after they arrived in America. Mormons have a scriptural canon consisting of the Bible (both Old and New Testaments), the Book of Mormon, and a collection of revelations and writings by Joseph Smith known as the Doctrine and Covenants and Pearl of Great Price. Mormons believe that their church is the "only true and living church" because of the divine authority restored through Smith. The history of Mormonism begins with Joseph Smith Jr., who is the first prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Later Day Saints. ... no artificial light could be procured ... vapours would prevent lamps, etc. [45], Critics have claimed several passages and thematic material in the Book of Mormon are found in Josiah Priest's The Wonders of Nature, published in 1825.[28][33]. Mormon Church established In Fayette, New York, Joseph Smith, founder of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, organizes the Church of … In 1843, a year before his death, he was meeting with a … [citation needed] Most histories state that Rigdon learned of the Book of Mormon from Parley P. Pratt, a member of Rigdon's Kirtland congregation, who had joined the Church of Christ in Palmyra in September 1830. [81] Fearing a repeat of Missouri and Illinois, the Mormons prepared to defend themselves, determined to torch their own homes in the case that they were invaded. I also spake unto him that I should carry the engravings, which were upon the plates of brass" (1 Nephi 4:20,24), "Then the king, in closing the place, made it holy ... many men call it Nephi". Mormons believe that the following biblical passages prophesy or otherwise support the existence of the Book of Mormon: Psalm 85:11; Ezekiel 37:15–20; John 10: 15–16; 2 Corinthians 13:1; Revelation 14:6–7. [54] Having failed to build Zion within the confines of American society, the Mormons began to construct a society in isolation, based on their beliefs and values. The city became the church's new headquarters and gathering place, and it grew rapidly, fueled in part by converts immigrating from Europe. [11] [140], Mormons believe in "a friendly universe", governed by a God whose aim it is to bring his children to immortality and eternal life. [22] Mormon is allegedly a prophet-historian who was the native American believed by Mormons to have written the Book of Mormon - the main religious text of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormonism). [136][124][137] Usually this is a result of having been raised in the LDS faith, or as having converted and spent a large portion of one's life as an active member of the LDS Church. Tags: musicals songs Jerusalem Jesus Native American/American Indian. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), also called Mormonism, church that traces its origins to a religion founded by Joseph Smith in the United States in 1830. Yes, they really believe this. Such a history of \'demigod-like Church leaders,\' Quinn stated, \'borders on idolatry.\']

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Now returning to Eric: I read both these articles as I was working my way out of the church almost 2 years ago. A pastor who lived near Cowdery, Ethan Smith, had written View of the Hebrews, another work that has been posited as a source for the Book of Mormon. Spalding's story, called "Manuscript Story", revolves around a group of seafaring Romans who sail to the New World some two millennia ago. Mormon history is largely a repeating pattern: LDS members form an insular community somewhere, buy and sell principally with each other and dominate the local economy and political scene, followed by harassment and violence from the area’s prior residents, leading to guerrilla warfare and the expulsion of the Mormons to a new territory, where it all started again. [34] When the Missouri Mormons were later asked to leave Clay County in 1836, they secured land in what would become Caldwell County. Mormons believe that returning to God requires following the example of Jesus Christ, and accepting his atonement through ordinances such as baptism. The church is divided by locality into congregations called "wards", with several wards or branches to create a "stake". He argues that it essentially summarizes the basic narrative of the Book of Mormon, including the split into two factions (civilized and savage). [115] Many practicing adult Mormons wear religious undergarments that remind them of covenants and encourage them to dress modestly. [99] Mormons also emphasize standards they believe were taught by Jesus Christ, including personal honesty, integrity, obedience to law, chastity outside marriage and fidelity within marriage. In addition to believing that … From the start, Mormons have tried to establish what they call "Zion", a utopian society of the righteous. [37] During the fall of 1838, tensions escalated into the Mormon War with the old Missouri settlers. Most other purported similarities, attested by various witness affidavits gathered by Doctor Philastus Hurlbut, were nonexistent. In some cases they may not be members of the LDS Church. For liberal Mormons, revelation is a process through which God gradually brings fallible human beings to greater understanding. [72] Although this Manifesto did not dissolve existing plural marriages, relations with the United States markedly improved after 1890, such that Utah was admitted as a U.S. state in 1896. Mormons believe that God restored the early Christian church through Joseph Smith. [23], The Mormon movement began with the publishing of the Book of Mormon in March 1830, which Smith claimed was a translation of golden plates containing the religious history of an ancient American civilization which had been compiled by the ancient prophet-historian Mormon. After the Manifesto, some Mormons continued to enter into polygamous marriages, but these eventually stopped in 1904 when church president Joseph F. Smith disavowed polygamy before Congress and issued a "Second Manifesto" calling for all plural marriages in the church to cease. The Church of Christ (now officially The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saint) was organized with six founding members in Fayette, New York, on April 6, 1830. In modern times, Zion is still an ideal, though Mormons gather together in their individual congregations rather than a central geographic location. During the pioneer era, Zion became a "landscape of villages" in Utah. Alleged similarities include: The Late War is an account of the War of 1812 which is written in the style of the King James Bible. [146] It was marked with the corruption of Christian doctrine by Greek and other philosophies,[147] with followers dividing into different ideological groups. Mormon apologist B. H. Roberts authored a manuscript titled Studies of the Book of Mormon,[40] comparing the content of the Book of Mormon with View of the Hebrews. [75] Smith also published an updated account of his First Vision, in which he claimed that Father and the Son appeared to him while he was about 14 years old. [Page 21] Abstract: From the very beginning, Joseph’s story about the origins of the Book of Mormon seemed wild and unbelievable. Mormons have developed a strong sense of commonality that stems from their doctrine and history. [20] Other sects, including several fundamentalist branches of the Brighamite tradition, embrace the term Mormon. For instance, Mormons believe in a pre-mortal existence where people were literal spirit children of God,[143] and that God presented a plan of salvation that would allow his children to progress and become more like him. Baltim. [125] Reasons for inactivity can include rejection of the fundamental beliefs and/or history of the church, lifestyle incongruities with doctrinal teachings, and problems with social integration. Discover your family history by exploring the world's largest family tree and genealogy archive. [21][22], This particular theory does not hold much weight among believers, who often reference a quote from Emma Smith, Joseph Smith's first wife. Isolation in Utah had allowed Mormons to create a culture of their own. [119] Many of these individuals have come forward through different support groups or websites discussing their homosexual attractions and concurrent church membership.[120][121][122]. Latter-day Saints are counseled not to partake of any form of media that is obscene or pornographic in any way, including media that depicts graphic representations of sex or violence. The plan involved the spirits receiving bodies on earth and going through trials in order to learn, progress, and receive a "fulness of joy". Behold, I have dreamed a dream" (1 Nephi 8:2), "[T]hose far distant savages have (as have all other tribes) their Great Spirit, who made everything" (p. 103), "Believest thou that this Great Spirit which is God, created all things ... And he saith, Yea, I believe that he created all things" (Alma 18:28–29), "[T]he places ... are noted; among which are 'the isles of the sea'". [28] In 1831, the church moved to Kirtland, Ohio where missionaries had made a large number of converts[29] and Smith began establishing an outpost in Jackson County, Missouri,[30] where he planned to eventually build the city of Zion (or the New Jerusalem). [129] Former Latter-day Saints who seek to disassociate themselves from the religion are often referred to as ex-Mormons. Persuitte argues the wording of the revelations indicates at least one other secret collaborator, as "if he had some partners who had imposed it upon him in order to prevent him from gathering too much power to himself. [5] Mormon then gave the record to his son, Moroni, who inscribed a few additional words of his own, and concealed the plates about AD 400. My sincere desire is that the world may be benefited by this plain and simple statement of the truth. Mormons see the extensive use of the phrase "And it came to pass" to be a result of the alleged ancient prophet authors' use of the Hebraic transition word "wayehi". [39] Between November and April, some eight thousand displaced Mormons migrated east into Illinois. Sidney Rigdon was a Baptist preacher, and one of the most prominent of Smith's earliest followers. Have the Baptists, Methodists, etc., any truth? We should gather all the good and true principles in the world and treasure them up, or we shall not come out true 'Mormons'. ", harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFShipps1957 (. Today, while the term Mormonism can act as a blanket term for all sects following the religious tradition started by Joseph Smith, many sects do not prefer the term Mormon as an acceptable label. Latter-day Saint fathers who hold the priesthood typically name and bless their children shortly after birth to formally give the child a name. Mormon compiled the writings of several other prophets into what we now know as “The Book of Mormon.” Because we believe in the teachings of Christ found in that book, some people have come to call us “Mormons… The history of the Mormons has shaped them into a people with a strong sense of unity and commonality. Tattoos and body piercings are also discouraged, with the exception of a single pair of earrings for LDS women. [32] Segments of the Book of Mormon—1 Nephi chapters 20–21 and 2 Nephi chapters 7–8 and 12–24—match nearly word-for-word Isaiah 48:1–52:2 and 2–14 (respectively). [150] [60] Many of these immigrants crossed the Great Plains in wagons drawn by oxen, while some later groups pulled their possessions in small handcarts. After Smith's death in 1844 the movement split into several groups following different leaders; the majority followed Brigham Young, while smaller groups followed Joseph Smith III, Sidney Rigdon, and James Strang. [153], The LDS Church has a top-down hierarchical structure with a president–prophet dictating revelations for the entire church. [35], The Kirtland era ended in 1838, after the failure of a church-sponsored anti-bank caused widespread defections,[36] and Smith regrouped with the remaining church in Far West, Missouri. The label "Golden Bible" predates the Book of Mormon, as legends of such an artifact circulated in Canada and upstate New York while Smith was growing up in Vermont. The engraving was reportedly of considerable skill. According to Persuitte, these are sufficient to have "inspired" Joseph Smith to have written the Book of Mormon. We see the Book of Mormon city Kishkumen located near an … John Rigdon, discussing an interview with his father Sidney Rigdon in 1865, states: My father, after I had finished saying what I have repeated above, looked at me a moment, raised his hand above his head and slowly said, with tears glistening in his eyes: "My son, I can swear before high heaven that what I have told you about the origin of [the Book of Mormon] is true. 37 (March 10, 1831). It's all free. Oliver Cowdery's wife confirmed, after Cowdery's death, that he had never denied his testimony as one of the Three Witnesses: He always without one doubt or shudder of turning affirmed the divinity and truth of the Book of Mormon.[10]. To combat the notion that rank-and-file Mormons were unhappy under Young's leadership, Cumming noted that he had offered to help any to leave the territory if they desired. After Stan professes his ignorance of the Joseph Smith story, Gary's Father begins telling the story of the Mormon prophet's vision. ... vapours ... so thick as to prevent the rays of the sun from penetrating an extraordinary thick mist. Though the 1960s and 1970s brought changes such as Women's Liberation and the civil rights movement, Mormon leaders were alarmed by the erosion of traditional values, the sexual revolution, the widespread use of recreational drugs, moral relativism, and other forces they saw as damaging to the family. [67] The relatively peaceful Utah War ensued from 1857 to 1858, in which the most notable instance of violence was the Mountain Meadows massacre, when leaders of a local Mormon militia ordered the killing of a civilian emigrant party that was traveling through Utah during the escalating tensions. ", "New Order Mormon Essays: The Paradox of the Faithful Unbeliever", "What Mormons Believe About Jesus Christ", "Romney's Mormon Faith Likely a Factor in Primaries, Not in a General Election", "The Reconstruction of Mormon Doctrine: From Joseph Smith to Progressive Theology", "The Significance of Joseph Smith's First Vision in Mormon Thought", "Quest for Refuge: The Mormon Flight from American Pluralism", List of Reorganized Restorationist churches, Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonite) history, Doctrine and Covenants (Book of Commandments), Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mormons&oldid=997178448, Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [98] Practices common to Mormons include studying scriptures, praying daily, fasting regularly, attending Sunday worship services, participating in church programs and activities on weekdays, and refraining from work on Sundays when possible. Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. As a general rule, anything spoken or written by a prophet, while under inspiration, is considered to be the word of God. [100], In 2010, around 13–14 percent of Mormons lived in Utah, the center of cultural influence for Mormonism. Mormon converts are urged to undergo lifestyle changes, repent of sins, and adopt sometimes atypical standards of conduct. [101] Utah Mormons (as well as Mormons living in the Intermountain West) are on average more culturally and/or politically conservative than those living in some cosmopolitan centers elsewhere in the U.S.[102] Utahns self-identifying as Mormon also attend church somewhat more on average than Mormons living in other states. Roberts continued to publicly support the miraculous origin theory of the Book of Mormon. Mormon history can be divided into three broad time periods: (1) the early history during the lifetime of Joseph Smith, (2) a "pioneer era" under the leadership of Brigham Youngand his successors, and (3) a modern era beginning around the turn of the 20th century. Mormons have a health code which eschews alcoholic beverages, tobacco, "hot drinks" (later only tea and coffee), and addictive substances. [32] Links go to pages that give a fuller treatment of the time period of the various issues and periods. [62] Over the next 50 years, many Mormons (between 20 and 30 percent of Mormon families)[63] entered into plural marriages as a religious duty, with the number of plural marriages reaching a peak around 1860, and then declining through the rest of the century. [17] One argument for this theory is that the Book of Mormon reflects Smith's life experiences. The Book of Mormon resembles the Bible in its length and complexity and in its division into books named for individual prophets. Through the power of God and the Urim and Thummim (ancient seeing stones buried with the plates), he was able to translate the Reformed Egyptian inscriptions. : The Critics and Their Theories", Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, "How Many Nephites? [109] The Word of Wisdom is also understood to forbid other harmful and addictive substances and practices, such as the use of illegal drugs and abuse of prescription drugs. The history of the Mormons has shaped them into a people with a strong sense of unity and commonality. In 1929, the Mormon Tabernacle Choir began broadcasting a weekly performance on national radio, becoming an asset for public relations. [114] Same-sex marriages are not performed or supported by the LDS Church. The Story of the Mormons, from the date of their origin to the year 1901 - Kindle edition by Linn, William Alexander. [130] There are a number of fundamentalist sects, the largest two being the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS Church) and the Apostolic United Brethren (AUB). Cowdery later resigned and was excommunicated in 1838, then re-joined the LDS Church in 1848. Partly to counter this, Mormons put an even greater emphasis on family life, religious education, and missionary work, becoming more conservative in the process. Apart from the witnesses, Mormons reference other evidences for the authenticity of the Book of Mormon. [110] Mormons are encouraged to keep a year's supplies that include a food supply and a financial reserve. He did. Smith claimed the angel Moroni, a prophet in the Book of Mormon, directed him in the 1820s to a hill near his home in Palmyra, New York where the plates were buried. [123] The beliefs and practices of LDS Mormons are generally guided by the teachings of LDS Church leaders. ", "More Members Now outside U.S. Than in U.S", "2012 Statistical Report for 2013 April General Conference", "New almanac offers look at the world of Mormon membership", "The Global Distribution of Adventists and Mormons in 2007", "Reinventing Mormonism: Guatemala as Harbinger of the Future? 5 (Dec. 1892): page 7. Those who know me best well know that I have always adhered to that testimony. )[103] Utah Mormons often place a greater emphasis on pioneer heritage than international Mormons who generally are not descendants of the Mormon pioneers. LDS Church members who do not actively participate in worship services or church callings are often called "less-active" or "inactive" (akin to the qualifying expressions non-observant or non-practicing used in relation to members of other religious groups). Other Mormons may be independently religious, secular and non-practicing, or belong to another denomination. After Smith led a mission, known as Zion's Camp, to recover the land,[33] he began building Kirtland Temple in Lake County, Ohio, where the church flourished. Joseph Smith and the Origins of the Book of Mormon (Second edition) by David Persuitte, McFarland & Co., 2000 Farewell to Eden: Coming to Terms With Mormonism and Science by Duwayne R. Anderson, Authorhouse, 2003 - a scientist and former Mormon examines Mormonism's scientific claims [74] Mormons emphasized patriotism and industry, rising in socioeconomic status from the bottom among American religious denominations to middle-class. Hear Him! Watch Random Episode. There is no question it is the official church policy to conceal the true history of the Mormon church. [80] The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. Critics have explored a number of issues, including (1) whether Joseph Smith actually had golden plates, or whether the text of the Book of Mormon originated in his mind or through inspiration; (2) whether it was Smith himself who composed the book's text or an associate of Smith's, such as Oliver Cowdery or Sidney Rigdon; and (3) whether the book was based on prior works, such as the View of the Hebrews, the Spalding Manuscript, or the King James Version of the Bible. Lay Mormons are also believed to have access to inspiration, and are encouraged to seek their own personal revelations. Mormons self-identify as Christian,[9] but some non-Mormons consider Mormons to be non-Christian[10] because some of their beliefs differ from those of mainstream Christianity. [106] Observant Mormons also contribute 10 percent of their income to the church as tithing, and are often involved in humanitarian efforts. The Book of Mormon is also believed to have been written by ancient prophets, and is viewed as a companion to the Bible. [41] Roberts's manuscript was private and shared only with LDS Church leadership. Mormon parents hope and pray that their children will gain testimonies of the "gospel"[vague] so they can grow up and marry in temples. Mormon Origins: Lucy’s Version If we compare Joseph’s and Lucy Smith’s histories, both depict Joseph as wrestling with a similar problem, that is, determining which church was right, and in both cases, one or more supernatural beings appeared, and in one way or another, Joseph learned that … [19] The second largest sect, the Community of Christ, also rejects the term Mormon due to its association with the practice of polygamy among Brighamite sects. [44] Joseph Smith himself mentioned Ethan Smith and cited passages from View of the Hebrews in an article from the June 1842 publication of Times and Seasons. Watching. I had made an abridgement from the plates of Nephi. Short History of Mormonism . [104] LDS Church members have a responsibility to dedicate their time and talents to helping the poor and building the church. (p. 235,241–242), "[M]y words shall hiss forth unto the ends of the earth, for a standard unto my people, which are of the House of Israel." In the 1920s and 1930s, Mormons began migrating out of Utah, a trend hurried by the Great Depression, as Mormons looked for work wherever they could find it. According to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), the Garden of Eden in which God placed Adam and Eve is located in Jackson County, Missouri, near the town of … (2 Maccabees 2:25-31), "I make an abridgement of the record ... after I have abridged the record. Historian Fawn Brodie expressed suspicion regarding these affidavits, claiming that the style of the statements was too similar and displayed too much uniformity.[37]. According to the accounts of Joseph Smith and his associates, the original record was engraved on thin, malleable sheets of metal ("leaves") with the appearance of gold, and bound with three rings at one edge. [34] Additionally, the Book of Mormon reflects KJV literary and linguistic style. There are several theories as to the origin of the Book of Mormon. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Women in Mormonism; Chronology of Mormon History; About the Author; The THRIVE Project; Faith Crisis Resources; Understanding Mormonism; Search; About. [83] The church was sharply criticized for its policy during the civil rights movement, but the policy remained in force until a 1978 reversal that was prompted in part by questions about mixed-race converts in Brazil.

From their doctrine and history by the teachings of LDS church leadership and his brother were! David Whitmer, March 8, 1887, published in March 1830 attested by various witness affidavits gathered Doctor... Upon Pratt 's return to Ohio, Rigdon reportedly learned of Smith and viewed... To vary with age, and the origin of the LDS church views regarding the of... The topic: this page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 09:51 fundamentalist of... Females: Plural Marriage and women 's Rights in early Mormonism, 1835-1870. lived Utah. Around 13–14 percent of Mormons resembles a Contact diffusion model, radiating out from the organization 's headquarters Utah... Good and loving fellow human beings to greater understanding note that the heavens are open, and adopt sometimes standards. The total membership – regularly attend services two temples have been written by ancient prophets, Latter-day... 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Rather than a central geographic location their churches 39 ] between November and April, some eight thousand displaced migrated. 27 ], the Mormon community the winter among the Mormons Smith Jr. had practiced polygamy with... `` how mormon origin story Nephites by Pratt harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFShipps1957 ( Mormons are believed... The South Pacific, and that God answers prayers a great meeting in heaven, several Smaller of! Translation and publication of the Mormon prophet 's vision he Darkness lasted for Three days. to...

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