However, the government has never produced convincing evidence supporting its characterization of the Baháʼí community.  Starting in the twentieth century, in addition to repression aimed at individual Baháʼís, centrally directed campaigns that targeted the entire Baháʼí community and its institutions were initiated.  ʻAbdu'l-Bahá had shared his father's long exile and imprisonment, which continued until ʻAbdu'l-Bahá's own release as a result of the Young Turk Revolution in 1908. The Baháʼí Faith is a medium-sized religion and was listed in The Britannica Book of the Year (1992–present) as the second most widespread of the world's independent religions in terms of the number of countries represented.  Interracial marriage is also highly praised throughout Baháʼí scripture. The Baha'i Faith: A Guide for the Perplexed.  In fact it was the Iranian leader Naser al-Din Shah Qajar who banished Baháʼu'lláh from Iran to the Ottoman Empire and Baháʼu'lláh was later exiled by the Ottoman Sultan, at the behest of the Iranian Shah, to territories further away from Iran and finally to Acre in Syria, which only a century later was incorporated into the state of Israel. The year consists of 19 months, each having 19 days, with four or five intercalary days, to make a full solar year.  The existence of God and the universe is thought to be eternal, without a beginning or end.  He unexpectedly died after a brief illness on 4 November 1957, in London, England, under conditions that did not allow for a successor to be appointed.  Additional lines of action include social action and participation in the prevalent discourses of society. The Báb's claim to divine revelation was rejected by the generality of Islamic clergy in Iran, ending in his public execution by authorities in 1850. ... Knowing God, therefore, means the comprehension and the knowledge of His attributes, and not of His Reality. , Most Baháʼí meetings occur in individuals' homes, local Baháʼí centers, or rented facilities. This includes works by his son ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, and the Báb, who is regarded as Baháʼu'lláh's forerunner.  The Friends court case has been postponed several times, but was finally underway on 12 January 2010.  Monasticism is forbidden, and Baháʼís are taught to practice spirituality while engaging in useful work. Nothing short of His all-encompassing grace, His all-pervading mercy, could have possibly achieved it.  Baháʼí cemeteries have been desecrated and property has been seized and occasionally demolished, including the House of Mírzá Buzurg, Baháʼu'lláh's father. For other related uses, see, Monotheistic religion founded by Baháʼu'lláh. , The Baháʼí teachings state that God is too great for humans to create an accurate conception of. According to the Baháʼí teachings, God is single and all-powerful. His father left a will that appointed ʻAbdu'l-Bahá as the leader of the Baháʼí community, and designated him as the "Centre of the Covenant", "Head of the Faith", and the sole authoritative interpreter of Baháʼu'lláh's writings. These functions include teaching and education, implementing Baháʼí laws, addressing social issues, and caring for the weak and the poor. , The Iranian government claims that the Baháʼí Faith is not a religion, but is instead a political organization, and hence refuses to recognize it as a minority religion. (Bahá'u'lláh, Gleanings from the Writings of Bahá'u'lláh, p. 288) "The Call of God," 'Abdu'l-Bahá has written, "when raised, breathed a new life into the body of mankind, and infused a new spirit into the whole creation. The differences, instead of being regarded as irreconcilable constructs of mutually exclusive cultures, are seen as purposefully reflective of the varying needs of the societies in which the divine messages were revealed. At the heart of Baháʼí teachings is the goal of a unified world order that ensures the prosperity of all nations, races, creeds, and classes..  In the Baháʼí Faith, God is often referred to by titles and attributes (for example, the All-Powerful, or the All-Loving), and there is a substantial emphasis on monotheism. After initially strict and harsh confinement, he was allowed to live in a home near ʻAkká, while still officially a prisoner of that city. ", Baháʼí institutions and community activities have been illegal under Egyptian law since 1960. In the Baháʼí understanding, the attributes attributed to God, such as All-Powerful and All-Loving are derived from limited human experiences of power and love. While the Baháʼí writings teach of a personal god who is a being with a personality (including the capacity to reason and to feel love), they clearly state that this does not imply a human or physical form. , The religion entered a new phase of activity when a message of the Universal House of Justice dated 20 October 1983 was released.  Baháʼís believe Baháʼu'lláh, the founder of the Baháʼí Faith, is the "complete incarnation of the names and attributes of God". He is neither male nor female. He produced over 18,000 works in his lifetime, in both Arabic and Persian, of which only 8% have been translated into English. The Baha’i religion asserts that God is the ultimate cause of all things existing and that everything reflects his power, man particularly reflecting his attributes.  The first identification cards were issued to two Baháʼís under the new decree on 8 August 2009.  On 3 January 2010, Iranian authorities detained ten more members of the Baha'i minority, reportedly including Leva Khanjani, granddaughter of Jamaloddin Khanjani, one of seven Baha'i leaders jailed since 2008 and in February, they arrested his son, Niki Khanjani.  On 11 August 2010 it became known that the court sentence was 20 years imprisonment for each of the seven prisoners which was later reduced to ten years. “…The tabernacle of unity hath been raised; regard ye not one another as strangers. The Baháʼí Faith stresses the unity of all people, explicitly rejecting racism and nationalism. , The purpose of marriage in the Baháʼí faith is mainly to foster spiritual harmony, fellowship and unity between a man and a woman and to provide a stable and loving environment for the rearing of children. Baháʼís should make a 19% voluntary payment on any wealth in excess of what is necessary to live comfortably, after the remittance of any outstanding debt.  The Baháʼí New Year corresponds to the traditional Iranian New Year, called Naw Rúz, and occurs on the vernal equinox, near 21 March, at the end of the month of fasting. They further state: "The Baha'i Faith is the only religion to have grown faster in every United Nations region over the past 100 years than the general population; Bahaʼi was thus the fastest-growing religion between 1910 and 2010, growing at least twice as fast as the population of almost every UN region. There are specific requirements for Baháʼí burial that include a specified prayer to be read at the interment. It is through these divine educators that humans can approach God, and through them God brings divine revelation and law. These are expressed in Arabic regardless of the language in use (see Baháʼí symbols). Worldwide, as of 2018, ten Baháʼí Houses of Worship, including eight Mother Temples and two local Houses of Worship have been built and a further five are planned for construction.  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