merle dog breeds

Mudi. However, the merle coat can come with some serious health issues. The gene which causes merle coloring in Border Collies and all other dog breeds is the same one which causes the unusual eye colors. Share it! [26] Another study done by Texas A&M University found that of 22 double merles, 8 were completely deaf and two were deaf in one ear. These dogs have the iconic blue merle coat as a base color. The genetics of merle coat patterns in dogs. Merle Dog Breeds . The blue merle pattern is commonly seen among Aussies and Australian shepherd mixes — usually splattered across the face and back, ... Did we find your favorite blue dog breed? Besides the two primary colors, the patches could also be of cream, fawn, chocolate, sable, and yellow. Your merle Great Dane is one of a very small group of giant purebred dog breeds. Recommended For You 15 Awesome Tricolor Dog Breeds . [16] Merle can be tested for and identified through DNA. A double Merle otherwise known as a homozygous Merle, is a dog that inherited two (or double) Merle genes. View All Breeds Browse Merle Dogs by Breed German Shepherd Poodle Labrador Retriever Pomeranian French Bulldog Shih-Tzu Golden Retriever Chihuahua Boxer Pug Siberian Husky Yorkshire Terrier. The Catahoula coat color can range from merle to brindle with brown or tan, to solid colors, like white. The merle pattern on Dachshunds is a contrast of light and dark, known as dappled, giving them a mystical and elegant appearance. The merle pattern is characterized by irregularly shaped patches with diluted pigment while other patches on the coat are fully pigmented in color (solid). Unfortunately, there is no specific proof where and when it started. Harlequin Beaucerons are genetically merle. Merle coat is a distinct genetic pattern seen in certain dogs, giving them a mottled or patched appearance. From left to right, black,sable and white, sable Merle mixed breed puppies. [15], In January 2006 scientists at Texas A&M University announced the discovery of a mobile genetic unit called a retrotransposon, responsible for the merle mutation in dogs. Sheltie Appearance . https://www.americanspanielclub.org/about-the-breed/merle-color-in-cocker-spaniels/, Jess Chappell: Dog Coat Colour Genetics: Doppel-Merle, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Chihuahua Club of Canada - Merle Breeding Ban", "Pomeranian Colors - Any other allowable color", https://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/press-releases/2020/january/registration-of-dogs-of-merle-colouring/, http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/merle.html#double, "Retrotransposon insertion in SILV is responsible for merle patterning of the domestic dog", "Merle phenotypes in dogs – SILV SINE insertions from Mc to Mh", "Basic Body Colors of the Australian Shepherd", Banning of Merle 'pattern' Chihuahua in Canada, Catahoula Coat Color Genetics - Introduction and History of Merle, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Merle_(dog_coat)&oldid=999040832, Articles needing additional references from September 2011, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from April 2012, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from April 2012, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 05:46. Australian Shepherds. About the author: Adrienne Farricelli is a certified dog trainer and behavior consultant. When you start looking for blue merles, you’ll be presented with many names and breeds that you may not recognize. Despite all of the different colors, one of the most discerning features of a Catahoula is its blue eyes! Like it? However, the merle coat can come with some serious health issues. Italian Greyhound. The third dog has very large black patches, sometimes referred to as blanketing. The typical presentation of the merle pattern is a solid-color coat (usually black) broken up with irregular patches of another color (often gray). There are only certain breeds that they will accept Merle registrations for. The Shetland Sheepdog appears well within the top 50 dog breeds as ranked by the AKC. Despite the “Australian” part, this breed is actually an American-born dog that is descended from a line of Europe’s dog herders. Australian Shepherd –  Red and Blue Merle. One from the mom and one from the dad. Depending on the breed, registry, or country, the pattern may be register-able with a registry but not allowed in conformation, and the pattern may not be recognized by the breed standard, disqualifying it from showing. One copy of the merle gene causes a marbling effect on the coat and creates lighter spots throughout the solid color coat. Since merle causes random modifications, however, both dark-eyed, blue-eyed, and odd-colored eyes are possible. Some breeds that can be affected by this genetic trait are Australian Shepherds and Catahoula Leopard Dogs. Share your favorite blue-coated canine breeds and names in the comments! Health issues are more typical and more severe when two merles are bred together, so it is recommended that a merle be bred with a non-merle dog of any other color. Merle dogs suffer from a mutation of the silver locus gene, which is located on chromosome CFA10. Some of the different merle patterns that exist are: merle, dilute merle, cryptic merle, harlequin. Unlike a regular merle dog, a double merle dog’s coat is almost completely white but has a few splotches of color throughout it. The last dog is known as a minimal merle. All merle coat dogs carry a recessive gene, as that’s part of inheriting their merle coloring. It is sometimes referred to as a colour, but is in fact due to a gene that alters the way pigment appears in the dog's coat. Interestingly, they are the only herding breed within the AKC that has the Merle gene but also produces healthy solid white dogs (many other merle-carriers born solid white as a result of a double merle cross are born blind or deaf). We purchased a puppy about 2 years ago, a beautiful blue merle male. Each puppy in a Merle litter has a 25% chance of inheriting the two genes and becoming a double Merle. In certain breeds of dog, there is a coat pattern known as ‘merle’. Often mistaken for a "double merle", a harlequin merle (or just harlequin), is a dog that carries both the merle pattern gene and the co-dominate modifying gene (carried on a different locus) for harlequin. Solid Merle dogs are equally desirable as ones with copper or white. One unusual attribute that American Bullies, as well as several other dog breeds, can sometimes have is a unique coat pattern that is known in the dog-breeding world as a ‘merle’ coat. Merle is a coat pattern found in Australian Shepherds and a number of other dog breeds. [20] Another mutation for cryptic merle has been identified by Dr. Helena Synková, and has been given the working name of "atypical merle". No, Amy it is not safe to breed a merle dog with another merle dog. Working dog breeds like Catahoula dogs, Bloodhounds, and Mastiffs need a job! Cardigan Welsh Corgi – Blue Merle. It doesn’t matter what color merle or what breed they are. It is sometimes referred to as a color, but is in fact due to a gene that alters the way pigment appears in the dog’s coat. The enlisted breeds have attained recognition from major kennel clubs like the AKC, UKC, CKC, and FCI. [1][2] Combinations such as brindle and sable merle exist, but are not typically accepted in breed standards. Red merle Australian shepherds are one of the “double-coated” breeds, with short undercoats that insulate their bodies and longer outer coats. One unusual attribute that American Bullies, as well as several other dog breeds, can sometimes have is a unique coat pattern that is known in the dog-breeding world as a ‘merle’ coat. In the litter, there was a puppy that was predominantly white. Tri colored silver dapple Dachshund Lab mix puppy. [6] The merle gene also plays a part in producing harlequin Great Danes. The term double merle often doing the rounds is no jargon but a name given to breeds born of two merle-coated dogs. 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