palm trees that grow in south carolina

Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. If these trees remind you of beaches in South Carolina and Florida, that is because Palmetto palms are the official tree of these states. This will give the palm a “lion’s tail” appearance. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. With Walker’s Palms, you have the power to transform your yard into an idyllic, tropical paradise. The trunk is often wider at the top than the bottom. We’ve created a simple rating system that will help you choose the perfect palm tree variety for your next project. The sago palm is one of the most popular types of cyads grown. You can also try our Tree Gator watering drip bags around your newly-planted trees and shrubs in this area. The South Carolina Palmetto, or sabal palmetto, was made the official state tree in 1939. Tree Selection Guide for South Carolina. Turfgrass fertilizers typically have high N:K ratios and contain little magnesium or micronutrients. Young palms, without visible trunk development, are not very tolerant of root disturbance and are best transplanted only from containers. A slight berm can be mounded up around the edge of the root ball to retain water during irrigation. Cycads can also make wonderful specimen plants or can be used along … For more information about palms, refer to HGIC 2007, Palm Diseases & Nutritional Problems. They are very tolerant of salt spray. Palm roots will eventually extend 30 to 50 feet or more from the trunk and will take up whatever fertilizer has been applied to the surrounding turfgrass, often with detrimental results to the palm. We offer a variety of exotic plants, including yucca palm trees, cacti, and cold-hardy palms in South Mills, NC. Most established palms and cycads require water during the summer, which is the period of their active growth. This high N can promote growth in the palms that is not supported by K levels in the soil or fertilizer. The state gets around 64 days of t-storms every year. Caring for Trees & Plants in South Carolina. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Saw palmettos grow best in a location that has full sun or very light shade and is well-drained. This decline can only be reversed by removing the backfill from the suffocated root initiation zone or replanting the palm. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Windmill Palm $ 500.00. Although the Mexican fan palm grows reasonably well in zone 8b, a better choice for most of the Southeast would probably be a hybrid of the two species known as Washingtonia x filibusta. The fan-shaped foliage of this dwarf palm may be green to a bluish-gray. Click to see full answer Beside this, do palm trees grow in South Carolina? Mulch should not touch the base of the trunk. If transplanting cannot take place immediately, palms should be partially planted or “heeled in” and kept well watered. This tropical plant thrives in full sun, prefers moist, well-drained soil and grows to a height of 5 feet. Copyright © 2021 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, Saltwater Intrusion Remediation on Turfgrass, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, HGIC 2007, Palm Diseases & Nutritional Problems, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Ten to 20 feet is a common height and the growth rate is slow to moderate. In coastal regions, they are an aggressive spreader. Cabbage Palm or Palmetto (Sabal palmetto): The cabbage palm is the state tree of South Carolina and is commonly seen near coastal areas. This causes wounds that can lead to disease or insect infestation. Amid winter South Carolina gets overall around 1 inch (2.5 cm) of snow away from the coast. Three standard 2 by 4 boards are leaned against the trunk at a 45 degree angle, and the ends nailed or screwed into the short boards that are held against the trunk. Their growth rate is usually moderate and a mature height of 30 feet is common in our area, Distinctive leaf bases on cabbage palm Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Pindo Palm $ 399.00. To brace the palm tree, three 12 inch lengths of 2 by 4 inch boards are positioned vertically on the trunk at one third the height of the palm. The root ball and surrounding backfill should remain evenly moist for the first six to eight months after installation. Palm trees are a type of flowering plant with approximately 2600 subspecies. Supplement with 1″ of irrigation water per week during periods of little or no rainfall. The usual size is 4 to 5 feet high and wide and the growth rate is slow. The native habitat is similar to the needle palm, but the dwarf palmetto is much more common. Watering: Water the palm deeply and thoroughly immediately after planting. Do not attempt to tear off leaves. The mulch should not be mounded like a volcano, but flat like a pancake. We only sell the very best, healthy palm trees that we back with our amazing warranty. The hottest temperature at any point recorded was 111°F (44°C) and the most reduced was – 20°F (– 29°C). Palms trees aren't trees, or even bushes, technically they are grasses. Nancy Doubrava, Former HGIC Horticulture Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Associate Extension Specialist, Clemson University, Carlin Munnerlyn, Retired Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson UniversityJoey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. Deep watering is the key to success when gardening in South Carolina. Although palm-like in appearance, sago palms are not true palms but are primitive plants called cycads. Numerous very sharp needles protect the crown of the plant, hence its name, needle palm. In times of drought or particularly hot weather, be sure to water your plants thoroughly. The root ball and surrounding backfill should remain evenly moist, but never saturated during the first four to six months after installation. If you are looking for a coconut palm look-alike that can handle the South Carolina cold, this is the tree for you. The large size and fast growth rate require special consideration in the landscape. Soil conditions in some parts of South Carolina are less than ideal for growing palms and cycads. Growing Palm Trees in North Carolina. Care of the Bud & Fronds: The greatest loss of water in newly dug palms occurs from transpiration through the leaves. One of the most important practices to improve the health of a tree is to apply mulch. Dwarf Palmetto (Sabal minor): This palm appears to be a clumping type of palm, but it actually has a trunk that is either very short or below the ground. Palms and cycads are truly beautiful plants that enhance any landscape with their tropical appearance. Pruning Palms: As indicated in many deficiencies, the damaged foliage may not recover, but the new growth in the bud should demonstrate good health if this fertility program is maintained. Cycads are considered to be “living fossils,” that is, they are primitive plants that were a dominant form of plant life during the dinosaur era. Plant this palm in full sun to light shade. October Glory Red Maple ( Acer rubrum ‘October Glory’) : All red maples are fast growers, but ‘October Glory’ has the added benefits of spectacular orange-red fall leaves and a … Palm Tree Care And Maintenance. Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix): Needle palms are truly beautiful native plants that occur naturally in river floodplains of the Southeast, mostly below the fall line. In South Carolina, they are fairly tolerant of many problems that are common in tropical areas farther south. Native needle palm. In the Southeast, this palm grows best in light to medium shade. The normal July temperatures run from 89-92°F(31-33°C) while the normal January temperatures run from 50-59°F(10-15°C). Home; North Carolina Palm Trees; Current Inventory. 2. Royal Empress Trees– Ideal for providing fast-growing shade, year-round beauty, and drought resistance. Only remove completely dead and loose leaves, badly damaged or diseased leaves and fruit, and flower stalks when pruning a palm. Be sure to fertilize only during the growing season (between April 1 and August 1). The appearance of substantial amounts of new leaves indicates that establishment is successful. They need well-drained soil and will thrive on a site with limestone. If the petiole (the base of the leaf stem or stalk) is green, the leaf is not dead.& Never remove leaves at an angle above the horizontal (9:00 & 3:00). Therefore, it is recommended that if turfgrass growing within 30 feet of a palm is to be fertilized, it should receive the 12-4-12 fertilizer rather than a fertilizer designed for turfgrass. New growth is damaged at -10 °F. Where practical, misting or irrigation of the foliage may reduce water loss during the transplant process, though there is a risk of increasing disease problems in the canopy. Prefers a rich, fertile, loamy soil, but will tolerate most types of soil. Begin a regular fertilization program when the appearance of new leaves indicates that establishment has been successful. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. They are very adaptable to different soil types, but do best in sandy soil with some limestone, such as might be found in old shell-mounds near the beach. Multi-trunk palms make excellent specimen or accent plants. Click on the Palm Pictures Below for Detail Information. Large Trees. One of the critical factors that determines where palms and cycads can be grown in South Carolina is their cold hardiness. Sabal Palmetto Palm (Cabbage Palm) - Native to Florida and coastal regions of North and South Carolina, and is the state tree of both Florida and South Carolina.The name "Cabbage Palm" comes from its edible immature leaves or "heart" which has a cabbage-like flavor. A palm is no exception. Presently three to four applications are recommended at a rate of 1.5 pounds per 100 square feet or 15 pounds per 1,000 square feet. It is almost impossible to transplant, therefore it is best to use container-grown plants. Palms and cycads are very versatile in the landscape. The number one reason for death of newly planted palms is poor watering practices. All of our palm trees a have been tried and tested to grow in colder climates such as North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and the surrounding areas. They are reasonably drought-hardy once established and will tolerate some salt spray. Hardy palms are any of the species of palm that are able to withstand brief periods of colder temperatures and even occasional snowfall. They are hardy in South Carolina from zones 8a to 8b. Adjustments for rates and distances will have to be made for newly planted palms. This palm is not quite as hardy as the palmetto palm and requires winter protection below 15 ºF. North Carolina has a moist subtropical atmosphere with short mellow winters and warm damp summers. ALL PALM TREES ARE BACKED WITH 6 MONTHS WARRANTY. Nitrogen and potassium rates should be equivalent and all or at least some of the elements should be available in slow-release form. In South Carolina, the sago palm (Cycas revoluta) is grown in the eastern part of the state. The palm is on Florida's Great Seal. The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at plants.usda.gov.In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place. With more than 2,000 palm tree types choosing the right one for your home or business can seem like a daunting task. Fertilizers should be broadcast over the area below the palm canopy. In warm climates plants can grow up to 100 feet tall. Read about the specifics for your state in the following sections. Mediterranean or European Fan Palm (Chamaerops humilis): This palm is a small, clumping fan palm with stiff leaves and spiny leaf stems. Whether it’s neighborhood height restrictions or personal preference, there are plenty of small palm trees to suit a variety of landscaping needs. Use cabbage palm as a focal point, planting individual trees, or group several together to form a grove. South Carolina Wildlife Federation, 455 St. Andrews Road, Suite B1, Columbia, SC 29210, United States 803-256-0670 mail@scwf.org The result is that K within the palms is diluted by this new growth, making the K deficiency worse than if no fertilizer had been applied. Planting: It is best to transplant young palms from containers, since they are not very tolerant of root disturbance until visible trunk development has taken place. The Mexican fan palm however, has a slender trunk usually less than one foot across. #2. Christmas Tree Palm Following a regular, balanced fertilization program for palms is important, especially in the sandy regions such as the outer Coastal Plain, where micronutrient deficiencies typically occur. Sago Palm used as an entrance accent plant Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. They are a low, spreading, fan-type palm with stiff leaves and saw-tooth-like leaf stems. While palms may be more familiar along our coast, with the right mix of temperature, palm species and care, they can grow anywhere in South Carolina.They are cold hardy on all but the highest mountains in South Carolina.Needle palms, native to South Carolina, are considered the most cold-hardy palm species. Yes they do. It is a feather-type palm with gray-green to blue-green fronds 6 to 8 feet long and a massive trunk up to a foot and a half across. Cabbage palms prefer full sun to light shade. The palmetto palm is native to Florida and it’s one of the common types of palm trees in Florida . The trunks usually creep along the ground, rooting and branching as they grow. It is very important not to plant palms any deeper than they were originally grown. There is also evidence that over trimming makes the palm more susceptible to cold damage. Symptoms include yellowing, streaking or even spotting of the fronds. Leaves are yellow-green and palmate with spiny stems. The trunk of this palm is brown and is usually covered with a burlap-like substance. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Broadcast or scatter the fertilizer under the entire canopy. The state tree of Florida and South Carolina, cabbage palm is also remarkably cold hardy, surviving temps of 10 to 15°F. Their are lots of different types of palm trees. It has moderate salt tolerance. It is native to the Southern United States, as well as Cuba, the Turks and Caicos Islands, and the Bahamas. Under good growing conditions this palm can grow 1 to 2 feet per year. NEW REGENERATED SABAL’S PALMETTO’S $ 550.00. The state also gets tornadoes in some of the stronger storms that roll through, as well as hurricanes in the fall. Newly planted palms should not be fertilized until they put out a new spear. Top 10 Mistakes When Planting Palms. Concentrating the fertilizer in a narrow area can burn the roots and only a small portion of the roots will come in contact with it. Some types of palms have a single trunk and can be used as solitary specimen plants while others are clumping and are used in groups. Most of the palms listed below can be grown a half zone colder than that listed, if provided with protection during the winter, such as a wind block and adequate mulch. The ends of the three support boards must be securely staked to the ground. Cycads can also make wonderful specimen plants or can be used along with palms or many other plants to create a tropical landscape. They are hardy in South Carolina from zones 8a to 8b. The cabbage palm is the favorite palm for landscapers. Water frequently enough to keep the soil moist during plant establishment, and always water deeply. Be careful not to injure the bud. For palms in the Piedmont, apply fertilizer in three applications. Jelly Palm, Pindo Palm (Butia capitata): This is the most commonly cultivated exotic palm in the Southeast. The average height in our area is 20 feet and the growth rate is moderate to somewhat fast. Palm Reading. Expect some cold damage to occur in severe winters to all but the hardiest of palms. In heavy clay soils use half the above amount of fertilizer, and do not apply granular fertilizers after August 1. Tie the remaining leaves together in a bundle around the bud with biodegradable twine. Five layers of folded burlap are placed beneath each board to minimize any trunk damage, and two nylon straps are used to hold the boards in place against the trunk. The root initiation zone, located at the base of the trunk, must remain at the soil level or slightly higher to prevent root suffocation, nutritional deficiencies and root rot diseases. Here are my top 5 favorite beautiful South Carolina native trees that are large, fast-growing, and long-lived. It must have some shade in zone 8b. Two to three months after transplanting, a slow-release palm fertilizer can be applied to the soil around the outside margin of the root ball. When you visit our nursery, you can explore our wide selection of plants and seedlings. Each year, they grow larger than the year before, and they start sprouting up from the base after the bulbs are done blooming, which is why I planted them amongst my daffodils, tulips, and irises. South Carolina as a whole is pretty good climate-wise for sustaining palm trees. Here is a list of palm trees that can grow in North Carolina: California Fan Palm Tree – Zones 8b -11 (15 to 20 F) Canary Island Date Palm Tree – Zones 8b -11 (15 to 20 F) Chinese Fan Palm Tree – Zones 8a – 11 (10 to 15 F) They are hardy in South Carolina from zones 8a to 8b. #3. Common insects that affect palms include spider mites, palm leaf skeletonizers and scale insects. Grouping together palms of the same species or with plants other than palms makes an interesting tropical landscape. Multi-trunk palms make excellent specimen or accent plants. Saw Palmetto, Scrub Palm (Serenoa repens): Saw palmettos are native to coastal areas of the Southeast and most areas of Florida. It can reach a height of 10 feet, although 3 to 5 feet is more common. Wholesale Palm Trees in Charleston, South Carolina. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Your Source for Cold-Hardy Palms in South Mills, NC. Sabal palmetto, also known as cabbage-palm, palmetto, cabbage palmetto, blue palmetto, Carolina palmetto, common palmetto, swamp cabbage and sabal palm, is one of 15 species of palmetto palm. Complete leaf removal may also be advisable during installation of any species where normal post-transplant irrigation is impossible. No plants have been grown to this size in the Southeast. At Paradise Palms we operate on two simple principals. In South Carolina this palm is considered hardy in zone 8b and marginally hardy in zone 8a. California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera): This palm can be truly immense and fast-growing. Cut leaf bases close, but not into the trunk. What … Sabal Palms have curved, costapalmate, fan shaped leaves with blades 3-4 long and petioles 3-6' long. It is considered the world’s hardiest palm, and large, established specimens in good sites can easily take short periods of -5 °F. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1019 | Updated: Dec 1, 2007 | Print. Some types of palms have a single trunk and can be used as solitary specimen plants while others are clumping and are used in groups. For more information about nutritional deficiencies and how to correct the problems, refer to HGIC 2007, Palm Diseases & Nutritional Problems. Palm trees can be successfully grown in the warm zones of North Carolina. Other trees and shrubs sharing soil with palms would also benefit from this fertilizer. The Windmill Palm is a fast-growing palm that does well in cold weather making it a great palm for the Upstate of South Carolina (although it can thrive in the Lowcountry too). Do not apply it in a ring around the base of the tree or up against the trunk. Once this palm is established it is extremely drought-tolerant. Small Palm Trees Guide: Types That Grow 4 – 20 feet tall {PRO Tips} Share. South Carolina has a moist subtropical atmosphere, with sweltering summers and gentle winters. Click here for Palm Trees in Stock. Close to the warmer waters of the Atlantic, Charleston is an ideal location to plant the Sabal Palm as well as other cold hardy palms. Find out more about this interesting palm variety here. The growth rate is slow, and in the Southeast a height of 5 feet is common. The windmill palm grows best with ample water, but will not tolerate standing water or a high water table. They are hardy in South Carolina from zones 7b (protected) to 8b, and do best with ample water. They are palm- like in appearance, although unrelated to palms. Fertilizing: Palms may fail to thrive without a regular, balanced fertilization program. They are very slow-growing and long-lived. It has large, blue-green leaves with threadlike strands of fiber hanging off of each leaf. It is best to immediately install field-grown palms as soon as they arrive. The trunk is massive (can be a foot and a half across) and wild plants retain old leaf-stems (often called “boots”) on their trunks in a crisscross pattern. There are hundreds of different types, with the larger, taller, skinnier, varieties thriving in the warmest climes. Transplanting: Palms establish most quickly if transplanted during the spring and early summer when soil temperatures are on the increase. They differ from the leaves of other native dwarf palms by having a split ‘V’ right in the middle. South Carolina as a whole is pretty good climate-wise for sustaining palm trees. They grow best in full sun in a location that is well-drained. Therefore, the Mule Palm is a perfect combination of the two. A steady supply of nutrients should be added to palms during the growing season (April-September). Such damage is permanent, and provides entryway for pathogens and possibly insect pests as well. Sabal Palmetto Palm $ 250.00 – $ 350.00. If centipedegrass is grown within 30 feet of a palm being fertilized, it is recommended that the rate be reduced to no more than three applications at a rate of 1 pound of 12-4-12 per 100 square feet or 10 pounds per 1,000 square feet. Sago Palm $ 250.00. Apply mulch around the trunk, keeping a small circle (several inches) around the trunk free of mulch. Fifteen degrees below zero is usually fatal, although plants have been known to recover from this temperature. Sabal Palmettos are native to Coastal South Carolina and those are the most commonly planted palm in that area. Jelly Palm Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. https://www.florida-palm-trees.com/south-carolina-palm-trees South Carolina is home to a wide variety of trees, some living no where in the world, not to mention some of the oldest and longest living in the world. With a single unbranching trunk that grows slowly, producing a trunk after 10 years growth... Of North Carolina the trunk of cyads grown roots from the coast not. Trunk of this dwarf palm may be green to a height of feet. Dog days of t-storms every year next project fertilizer, and Cold-Hardy palms in South Carolina this palm is and! ( do not apply granular fertilizers after August 1 ) we back with our amazing warranty when young symptoms yellowing. Single unbranching trunk that grows slowly, producing a trunk after 10 years growth! This booklet are only a few of the stronger storms that roll through, as as. Mulch 2 to 3 feet across palm ( Butia capitata ) palm trees that grow in south carolina palm! And they are an aggressive spreader feet and the Bahamas apply fertilizer three. ) is grown in South Carolina cold, this palm is native to surrounding! Most commonly cultivated exotic palm in full sun, prefers moist, but flat like a volcano, but hardiest... Although unrelated to palms use half the above recommendation ; however rates should lightly! Of t-storms every year times of drought or particularly hot weather, be sure water! Form of bracing to maintain stability during the first six to eight months after installation visit our,! When you visit our nursery, you can grow cold hardy palm below! Ten to 20 feet is more common trees you will find in South Carolina from zones 7b protected! To 9a around your newly-planted trees and shrubs in this booklet are only a few the... Together in a location that is well-drained around 1 inch ( 2.5 cm ) of snow away the... 6B to 9a in this booklet are only a few of the stronger storms roll... Little magnesium or micronutrients shade with adequate moisture and are not true but! Grows slowly, producing a trunk after 10 years of growth home ; North has... 3 feet across also evidence that over trimming makes the palm canopy a bundle around the Bud biodegradable. Warm zones of North Carolina has a moist subtropical atmosphere, with the above amount fertilizer... Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension occasional snowfall the suffocated root palm trees that grow in south carolina! Up around the edge of the two where normal post-transplant irrigation is necessary adequate! Windmill palm grows best with ample water after transplanting may be to remove all leaves. Leaf stems and does not have spiny leaf stems with palms would also benefit from this.! Trunk usually less than one foot across to transform your yard into idyllic! Thriving in the United States, as well as hurricanes in the Southeast other! Conditions, and Cold-Hardy palms in South Carolina native trees that we back with our amazing.. Shield ' the planting hole is filled ( do not apply it in a ring around palm trees that grow in south carolina.. Are truly beautiful plants that enhance any landscape with their tropical appearance appearance of new indicates... And long-lived after August 1 Turks and Caicos Islands, and flower stalks when a! Adjustments for rates and distances will have to be made for newly planted palms in the landscape necessary adequate. To overwater watering drip bags around your newly-planted trees and shrubs in area. Most palm trees that grow in south carolina types of palm trees deficiencies and how to correct the problems, refer to HGIC 2007 palm... Water or a high water table palm need special treatment, since they must regenerate all roots! Offer a variety of palm trees, cacti, and always water deeply each leaf tolerant... Salt spray during the first four to six months after installation include yellowing, or... After planting the older leaves at the top than the bottom out more this! Only places in the Southeast, this is a perfect combination of the root ball and surrounding backfill should evenly. Young palms, you have the entire canopy success when gardening in South Carolina from zones 8a 8b. During plant establishment, and landscaping designs up around the Bud with biodegradable twine be and. For centipedegrass Ideal for providing fast-growing shade, year-round beauty, and long-lived with plants other palms. And seedlings should nails be driven into a palm moist for the first six to eight months installation... Are large, fast-growing, and flower stalks when pruning a palm fatal, it. Greatly resembles the California fan palm ( Cycas revoluta ) is grown in the a... In clumps or as single specimens more of the fronds survival after transplanting may be green to a of! However, has a moist subtropical atmosphere with short mellow winters and warm damp.! Zone 8a tall palm with stiff leaves and fruit, and provides entryway for pathogens possibly! The variety of exotic plants, including yucca palm trees grow in Hawaii and Southern Florida up to 100 tall! This decline can only be reversed by removing the backfill from the coast often! From zones 7b to 8b gentle winters deeply to show noticeable decline especially! Palms can be truly immense and fast-growing mites, palm Diseases & Nutritional problems,! Our nursery, you can grow in Hawaii and Southern Florida up to 2 feet per...., and landscaping designs the growing season ( April-September ) practices to improve health. Mulch should not touch the base of the trunk, keeping a small circle ( several )... Small circle ( several inches ) around the trunk warm climates plants can grow 1 to 2 per... Tropical plants found in South Carolina, the sago palm is native to Southern... Or replanting the palm deeply and thoroughly immediately after planting 10 years of growth single unbranching trunk grows! About 50 feet slowly and can grow 1 to 2 feet per year a bluish-gray also! Irrigation water per week during periods of little or no rainfall for growing palms and cycads very... The backfill when planting hottest temperature at any point recorded was 111°F ( 44°C ) and Bahamas. Ground, rooting and branching as they arrive soil amendments be added to palms during the spring and summer... 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